How to Become a Garden Designer

Last Updated on December 22, 2023 by Kimberly Crawford

Garden design is a special field. It mixes art, science, and nature. The job involves planning and designing outdoor spaces, both public and private. It aims to create nice-looking, useful, and green landscapes. Garden designers work on all sorts of projects, from small city gardens to big country estates. Every project is different and exciting.

Becoming a garden designer lets you work in a job that combines creativity with a love for the outdoors. This job is very rewarding. You can turn normal spaces into beautiful, living art. The joy you get from seeing a project go from first sketches to a full-grown garden is huge.

More people want outdoor living and green habits. So, they need good garden designers. This makes now a good time to think about a career in this lively, green industry.

In this article

Understanding the Role of a Garden Designer

understand role of garden designer

A garden designer is a professional who uses their expertise in horticulture, environmental science, and design principles to plan and create outdoor spaces. These spaces can range from small residential gardens to large commercial landscapes and public parks.

The job role of a garden designer includes an array of responsibilities:

  1. Client Consultation: Understanding the client’s vision, needs, and budget is the first step in any design project. This involves discussing ideas, preferences, and practical considerations such as maintenance levels and site conditions.
  2. Site Analysis: A thorough examination of the site is crucial to identify its strengths and weaknesses. This includes assessing soil conditions, existing plants, climate, exposure to sun and wind, and other environmental factors.
  3. Design Development: Based on the client’s brief and site analysis, the garden designer creates a detailed plan that outlines the proposed layout, plant selection, structural elements, and other features like water bodies or outdoor seating.
  4. Project Management: Garden designers often oversee the implementation of their designs. This may involve coordinating with contractors, sourcing materials, supervising construction, and monitoring the establishment of plants.
  5. Aftercare and Maintenance: Ensuring the garden matures as intended is also part of a garden designer’s role. They may provide advice on ongoing maintenance or schedule regular visits to check on the garden’s progress.

Garden designers work on a variety of projects, including residential gardens, rooftop terraces, community parks, public landscapes, corporate campuses, and even the restoration of historical gardens.

Some might specialize in certain styles (like Japanese gardens or contemporary landscapes) or types of spaces (like small urban gardens or large rural estates), while others might offer broad services.

Regardless of the project type, the ultimate goal of a garden designer is to create outdoor spaces that are not only visually appealing but also harmonious with the environment and tailored to the client’s needs.

Related: How To Become a Master Gardener

Required Skills and Personal Qualities

To succeed as a garden designer, you need a mix of both technical skills and personal qualities. Here are some key ones:


  1. Horticultural Knowledge: A strong understanding of plants, their characteristics, growth patterns, and care requirements is essential. You should be able to choose the right plants for specific locations, soils, and climates.
  2. Design Aptitude: A good sense of design, including the understanding of color, form, texture, and scale, is critical. You should be able to create designs that are aesthetically pleasing, functional, and sustainable.
  3. Technical Skills: These include drafting, using design software, and understanding construction methods and materials. You’ll need to produce detailed plans and specifications for your designs.
  4. Project Management: This involves organizing resources, managing timelines, and coordinating with clients and other professionals. You should be able to oversee a project from conception to completion.
  5. Communication: Strong verbal and written communication skills are vital. You’ll need to present your ideas clearly to clients, contractors, and other stakeholders.

Personal Qualities:

  1. Creativity: As a garden designer, you’ll need to come up with innovative solutions and creative designs to meet your client’s needs and suit the site conditions.
  2. Attention to Detail: From selecting the right plants to positioning each element in the design, attention to detail is crucial for creating high-quality gardens.
  3. Patience: Gardens don’t grow overnight. You’ll need patience to see your designs mature and develop over time.
  4. Passion for Nature: A love for the outdoors and a deep appreciation for nature is fundamental in this profession.
  5. Problem-Solving: Each site will present its own set of challenges. You’ll need to be able to think on your feet and solve problems as they arise.
  6. Adaptability: Trends in garden design evolve, climates change, and so do clients’ preferences. Being adaptable and open to learning is key to staying relevant in this field.

Education and Training

Becoming a garden designer typically involves a combination of formal education, specialized training, and hands-on experience. Here’s an overview of the educational journey you might take:


While there is no strict academic requirement to become a garden designer, having a degree in a related field can provide a solid foundation and enhance your credibility. Relevant fields of study include:

  1. Horticulture: A degree in horticulture provides a deep understanding of plant science, including plant identification, growth, diseases, and care.
  2. Landscape Architecture: This program covers broader aspects of designing outdoor spaces, such as site analysis, design principles, and construction methods.
  3. Garden Design: Some institutions offer specialized programs in garden design that focus specifically on the art and science of creating beautiful and functional gardens.


In addition to a degree, pursuing professional certifications can help validate your skills and expertise. For instance, the Association of Professional Landscape Designers (APLD) offers a certification program for landscape designers based on work experience and a peer-review process.

Hands-On Experience

Practical experience is crucial in this field. It allows you to apply what you’ve learned in a real-world context, develop your design style, and understand the day-to-day realities of the job.

You can gain experience through internships or apprenticeships with established garden designers or landscaping firms. Volunteering for community gardening projects or working in nurseries or garden centers can also provide valuable hands-on knowledge.

Further, creating your garden, no matter how small, can be a great learning experience. It provides an opportunity to experiment, make mistakes, and learn from them.

Remember, becoming a successful garden designer is a journey of continuous learning. Staying updated with the latest trends, attending workshops and seminars, and being part of professional networks can help you stay ahead in this exciting field.

Related: Online Gardening Courses

Building a Portfolio

A portfolio is a curated collection of your professional achievements, showcasing your work experience, education, certificates, awards, and skills.

It’s an essential tool for professionals in many fields, including garden design, as it provides tangible proof of your abilities and expertise.

Importance of a Portfolio

The significance of a portfolio in showcasing your work cannot be overstated. Here’s why:

  1. Showcases Your Best Work: A portfolio allows you to highlight samples of your best designs, demonstrating your creativity, technical skills, and ability to transform spaces.
  2. Demonstrates Versatility: By including a variety of projects, your portfolio can showcase your adaptability and versatility. This can be particularly appealing to clients who are looking for a designer with a broad range of styles and capabilities.
  3. Highlights Your Growth: A well-maintained portfolio that includes projects from different stages of your career can demonstrate your professional growth and continuous learning.
  4. Provides a Competitive Edge: In a competitive field like garden design, a portfolio can set you apart from other designers. It allows potential clients to see exactly what you can deliver.

Tips for Building a Strong Portfolio

Building a compelling portfolio requires careful consideration and planning. Here are some tips:

  1. Quality Over Quantity: Include only your best work. It’s better to have a few outstanding designs than a large number of mediocre ones.
  2. Diversity: Showcase a variety of projects to demonstrate your versatility. This could include small residential gardens, large commercial landscapes, rooftop terraces, and so on.
  3. Before and After Photos: Including before and after photos can effectively demonstrate the transformation you can bring about.
  4. Include Project Details: Provide context for each project. This could include the client’s brief, challenges faced, solutions implemented, and any unique features of the design.
  5. Keep it Updated: Regularly update your portfolio to include your latest projects and reflect your current skills and style.

Using Your Portfolio to Attract Clients

Your portfolio can be a powerful tool for attracting clients. Here’s how:

  1. Online Presence: Host your portfolio on your professional website. This allows potential clients to easily find and review your work.
  2. Social Media: Share your work on social media platforms like Instagram and Pinterest, which are particularly suited for visual content.
  3. Client Meetings: Bring your portfolio to client meetings. It can serve as a conversation starter and help you explain your design approach.
  4. Networking Events: Showcasing your portfolio at industry events can help you attract the attention of potential clients and collaborators.

Remember, your portfolio is a reflection of your work and style as a garden designer. Make it as unique and creative as the gardens you design.

Legal and Business Considerations

Starting a garden design business involves several legal and business considerations. Here’s an overview:

Legal Steps

  1. Business Structure: Determine the legal structure of your business. This could be a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), or corporation. Each has its own benefits and drawbacks in terms of liability, taxation, and administrative complexity.
  2. Business Registration: Register your business with the appropriate local, state, or national authorities. This usually involves filing some paperwork and paying a fee.
  3. Licenses and Permits: Depending on your location, you may need specific licenses or permits to operate a garden design business. Check with local government offices or websites to understand what’s required.
  4. Insurance: Consider getting business insurance to protect against potential liabilities. This could include general liability insurance, professional liability insurance, and property insurance.
  5. Contracts: Use written contracts for all your projects. These should clearly define the scope of work, payment terms, timelines, and other key terms. It’s advisable to get legal advice when drafting your contracts.

Setting Prices and Handling Contracts

Pricing your services can be challenging. Here are some considerations:

  1. Cost-Based Pricing: Calculate all your costs (materials, labor, overheads) and add a profit margin. This ensures you cover your expenses and make a profit.
  2. Value-Based Pricing: Price your services based on the value they provide to the client. This can often result in higher prices than cost-based pricing.
  3. Market Rates: Research what other garden designers in your area charge for similar services. This can help you set competitive prices.

When it comes to contracts, make sure they lay out the scope of work, payment terms, timelines, and what happens if there are changes or disputes. Always get contracts reviewed by a legal professional.

Marketing Your Services and Finding Clients

  1. Portfolio: As discussed earlier, a strong portfolio is a powerful marketing tool. Make sure it’s easily accessible on your website and social media profiles.
  2. Networking: Attend industry events, join professional associations, and build relationships with related businesses (like nurseries or landscaping companies). These can all be sources of referrals.
  3. Online Marketing: Use search engine optimization (SEO) and online advertising (like Google Ads or Facebook Ads) to make your business visible to people searching for garden design services.
  4. Social Media: Regularly post engaging content on platforms like Instagram, Pinterest, and Houzz. These are popular with people looking for home and garden inspiration.
  5. Client Testimonials: Collect and showcase testimonials from satisfied clients. Word-of-mouth referrals are particularly valuable in this industry.

Remember, starting a business involves ongoing learning and adaptation. Be prepared to continually evaluate and adjust your business strategies as you gain experience and as market conditions evolve.

Career Prospects and Growth Opportunities

career prospects in garden

Current Job Market for Garden Designers

The job market for garden designers, which includes landscape architects and landscapers, is showing steady growth.

According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, around 23,600 openings for landscape architects are projected each year, on average, over the decade[^1^]. As of today, there are approximately 591 garden designer jobs in the United States, with 40 new opportunities being added daily.

Moreover, the field is not limited to landscape architecture alone. The garden industry offers diverse design career opportunities, including residential and commercial garden design.

Potential for Growth and Advancement

Growth and advancement in the field of garden design are promising. According to Career Explorer, the job market for landscapers in the United States is expected to grow by 11.4% between 2016 and 2026.

Similarly, employment for landscape architects is projected to grow 6% from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

Advancement typically comes with experience and may involve taking on larger and more complex projects, specializing in a particular area of garden design, or starting your own business.

Typical Career Paths for Garden Designers

Career paths in garden design can be diverse and exciting. Many garden designers begin as interns or junior designers at landscaping firms, gaining experience and expertise before moving into more senior roles.

Some may choose to specialize in a specific area, such as residential gardens, commercial landscapes, public parks, or historic preservation.

Ultimately, many garden designers opt to start their businesses, offering them the freedom to choose their projects and express their design style. They can also diversify into related areas like writing, teaching, or consulting.

Regardless of the path chosen, successful garden designers often emphasize the importance of continuous learning, networking, and staying updated with the latest trends in the field.


Becoming a garden designer is a rewarding journey that combines creativity, technical skills, and a love for the outdoors. The key steps to becoming a successful garden designer include gaining relevant education and experience, building a strong portfolio, understanding the legal and business aspects of running a design practice and staying updated with the latest trends in the field.

Remember, the job market for garden designers is promising, with numerous opportunities for growth and advancement. Whether you choose to work at a landscaping firm or start your own business, this profession offers the chance to create beautiful, functional outdoor spaces that enhance people’s lives and the environment.

If you’re considering this career path, be prepared for continuous learning and adaptation. But also look forward to the satisfaction that comes from seeing your designs come to life and the joy they bring to your clients. With passion, perseverance, and the right strategies, you can build a successful career in garden design.

So, if you have a knack for design, a green thumb, and a desire to transform spaces, a career in garden design could be the perfect fit for you. Go ahead and take the first step towards this fulfilling and exciting career!


What first interested you in garden design specifically versus general gardening? How did you start learning design techniques 10 years ago?

Many people are drawn to garden design because it combines creativity with a love for the outdoors. They often start learning design techniques by studying related fields like horticulture or landscape architecture, reading gardening books, or taking classes.

What formal education or training in areas like landscape architecture, horticulture, etc. would you recommend for aspiring designers?

A degree or certification in landscape architecture, horticulture, or a related field can provide a strong foundation. However, practical experience is equally important. Aspiring designers should seek internships or entry-level positions to gain hands-on experience.

How did you build up the business side like finding clients, pricing services, etc? What advice do you have on that front?

Building a business takes time and effort. Start by defining your services and target market. Networking, both online and offline, can help you find potential clients. Pricing should consider your costs, the value you provide, and market rates.

What design principles or elements do you focus on mastering with new gardeners first? Why are those foundational?

New designers should first master the basics of design such as balance, proportion, color, and texture. Understanding how plants grow and change over time is also critical.

What are the most common garden design mistakes you see people making from inexperience? How can they get better?

Common mistakes include not considering the site conditions (like sun exposure and soil type), choosing the wrong plants for the location, and not planning for how the garden will look in different seasons.

How much does regional climate, growing zones, etc. impact your design process? How can designers adjust for location?

Regional climate and growing zones have a significant impact on garden design. Designers must choose plants that will thrive in the local conditions and consider factors like rainfall and frost dates.

What gardening or landscaping trends have you seen rise and fall in popularity over the past 10 years?

Trends in garden design can vary widely. In recent years, there’s been a move towards more sustainable practices, native plants, and creating outdoor living spaces.

How has garden design work changed for you over the past decade in terms of technology, resources, best practices etc?

Technology has had a big impact on garden design. Computer-aided design (CAD) software, for example, allows designers to create detailed plans and visualize the final result. There’s also a wealth of online resources available for learning and inspiration.

What wisdom have you picked up designing gardens for 10 years that you wish you knew as a beginner?

One key lesson is that garden design is a process, not a one-time event. Gardens evolve over time, and designers need to plan for this evolution. Patience is also crucial – it takes time for plants to grow and for a garden to reach its full potential.

If you could only give one piece of advice to an aspiring garden designer, what would it be and why?

The most important piece of advice might be to never stop learning. The field of garden design is constantly evolving, and successful designers are those who keep up with new trends, techniques, and research.


  • Career Center. (n.d.).
  • Council, F. C. (2017, October 19). Nine advantages of developing your own professional portfolio. Forbes.
  • MTR at Inc. (n.d.). Job outlook for landscape architects.
  • CareerExplorer. (2023, April 25). The job market for landscapers in the United States.