Bird Feeding Basics: Everything you need to know about bird feeders, seeds, suet

Bird feeding basics

It’s easy to attract cardinals, orioles, and other birds with seeds, oranges, suet, and other treats.

There’s a movement afoot in this country, one that inspires folks to create wildlife sanctuaries in their own backyards.

Whether it’s a hundred acres or an apartment balcony, the size of the space has little to do with it.

Here we describe what you need to know about bird feeders, seeds, suet, and other food you can use in your own yard.

Bird Feeding Basics: what you need to know about bird feeders, seeds, suet, and other food you can use in your own yard

FEEDERS

Bird Feeder

Three basic feeder types have proved their reliability over the years. The hopper-style feeder consists of two glass sides held in a wooden or metal frame with a removable top to load seeds.

The seeds run out from under the glass onto a platform that is bordered by a lip for hungry birds to perch on. Hopper feeders are usually mounted on the top of a metal pole or wooden post.

The platform feeder is very simple – a platform of variable size supported by short posts or set directly on a stump or deck railing, often with a screen bottom for drainage and a roof to help keep the seed dry.

The tube feeder comes in many styles, but the basic model consists of a clear plastic cylinder with several tiers of small portholes to dispense seed.

More expensive varieties have metal ports to deter squirrels. The feeding ports can be larger to dispense sunflower seed or smaller for Nyjer seed.

SEEDS

Seeds for bird

The simplest and best way to draw a variety of birds is with sunflower seed, which comes in two basic types, striped and black-oil.

The striped variety is a bit larger in size and is easily handled by larger birds such as cardinals, jays, and grosbeaks. The smaller black-oil variety is easier to eat for birds such as chickadees, titmice, and nuthatches.

Other seeds of importance to birds at feeders are two types of proso millet (red and white), safflower seed, milo, and corn.

Usually purchased as mixes with sunflower seed, these seeds should make up the lion’s share of a mix for the most benefit to the birds. Millet and milo are eaten readily by ground-feeding species such as doves, sparrows, and juncos, while jays, doves, quail, and pheasants favor corn.

Another popular seed, the small black Nyjer seed (formerly called “niger” or “thistle” seed), is a favorite of finches.

SUET

Bird Suet

To win over a bird’s heart, say it with suet. For attracting woodpeckers, titmice, chickadees, and nuthatches, suet is hard to beat.

For many years the standard approach was to offer a chunk of beef suet suspended in a plastic mesh bag. Now, suet cakes made from rendered suet are widely available, meaning no more spoilage in warm weather.

These inexpensive and convenient cakes are usually offered in handy plastic-coated wire-mesh cages that have hinged tops for easy filling.

SPECIAL TREATS

Other foods that have grown in popularity over the years are oranges, peanut butter, and meal-worms. Orioles, finches, tanagers, and even woodpeckers have a fondness for oranges.

Halve an orange and impale it on a large finishing nail that is hammered into a tree, stump, or board.

Peanut butter can be mixed with cornmeal (to make it less sticky) or spooned out as is and smeared onto tree bark. Woodpeckers, nuthatches, and creepers find peanut butter a tasty treat.

Meal-worms – those hard, yellow beetle larvae often used for fish bait – can be set out in a shallow dish on your deck or patio table for mockingbirds, robins, bluebirds, and titmice.

Most common feeder birds

Listed below are the seven most common feeder birds by region, according to Project FeederWatch data from 2016-17.

NORTHEAST

  • Carolina/Black-capped Chickadee
  • Dark-eyed Junco
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Mourning Dove
  • Northern Cardinal
  • Blue Jay
  • White-breasted Nuthatch

CENTRAL

  • Carolina/Black-capped Chickadee
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Dark-eyed Junco
  • White-breasted Nuthatch
  • Blue Jay
  • American Goldfinch
  • Northern Cardinal

SOUTHEAST

  • Northern Cardinal
  • Carolina/Black-capped Chickadee
  • Mourning Dove
  • Tufted Titmouse
  • Carolina Wren
  • American Goldfinch
  • House Finch

NORTHWEST

  • Dark-eyed Junco
  • Black-capped Chickadee
  • Northern Flicker
  • House Finch
  • American Robin
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Song Sparrow

 

FAR NORTH

  • Black-capped Chickadee
  • Common Redpoll
  • Pine Grosbeak
  • Boreal Chickadee
  • Red-breasted Nuthatch
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Black-billed Magpie

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