How to Grow and Care for Anthurium from Seeds

How to grow Anthurium

Last Updated on February 29, 2024 by Kimberly Crawford

Have you ever faced the challenge of wanting to add a splash of tropical beauty to your indoor garden but didn’t know where to start? Growing Anthurium from Seeds can seem like a daunting task, yet it presents a unique opportunity to cultivate these vibrant plants right from the beginning.

Anthuriums, with their glossy leaves and heart-shaped flowers, stand out as a popular choice among indoor gardening enthusiasts for their aesthetic appeal.

Starting from seeds, though requiring patience, turns into a rewarding project as you watch each seed sprout into a stunning plant.

This guide aims to ease the process, offering step-by-step advice on nurturing your Anthuriums from the very start.

Read also: Lily flower meaning and symbolism

Understanding Anthurium Seeds

Characteristics of Anthurium Seeds

Anthurium seeds are unique, not just in how they look but also in where they come from. Each seed is encased in a berry, typically bright in color, which grows from the plant’s spadix – that’s the tall spike you see surrounded by the plant’s more famous, heart-shaped flower.

These seeds are small, have a waxy coating, and vary in color from white to a deep, rich red, depending on the Anthurium species.

ShapeSmall and roundEasy to handle but easy to lose
CoatingWaxy and slipperyProtects seed, aids in germination
ColorRanges from white to redIndicates ripeness and species

Understanding these characteristics is crucial for anyone looking to grow Anthuriums from seeds. The seeds’ appearance gives clues about their health and the right time to plant them.

Seed Viability and Selection

Selecting the right seeds is the first step toward successful germination. Not all seeds are created equal; their viability can vary based on several factors.

Healthy seeds have a better chance of germinating and growing into robust plants. Here are some tips for selecting the best seeds:

  1. Freshness: Fresh seeds germinate more effectively. Try to plant them shortly after they’re harvested.
  2. Appearance: Look for seeds that are full and plump, with a shiny, waxy coating. Avoid any that are shriveled or damaged.
  3. Source: Obtain seeds from a reliable source. This ensures they’re correctly identified and have been properly handled.
CriterionGood SignBad Sign
FreshnessRecently harvestedOld or unknown age
AppearanceFull, plump, and shinyShriveled, dull, or damaged
SourceReputable supplierUnknown or dubious origin

Preparing to Sow Anthurium Seeds

Before jumping into planting your Anthurium seeds, getting everything ready and knowing the steps is key. This part talks about what you need, how to get the soil right, and if doing anything before planting helps your seeds start better.

Gathering Supplies

To start, you’ll need some basic items. Each one plays a role in helping your Anthurium seeds begin their journey to becoming beautiful plants. Here’s a quick list:

PotsWhere your seeds will growSmall sizes are good to start
Soil mixThe right ground for your seedsShould be light and drain well
Watering canTo water your seeds and young plantsA gentle sprinkle is better

Make sure these are ready before you plant. Using the right pot and soil mix from the start makes a big difference in how well your seeds do.

Soil Preparation

Anthurium seeds like a specific kind of soil to start in. It should be light and airy, letting water drain well so the seeds don’t sit in water. A mix often used for orchids works well, or you can mix perlite with peat moss. The goal is to create an environment where your seeds have the moisture and air they need to sprout.

Pre-germination Treatments

Sometimes, seeds need a little help to start. For Anthurium seeds, soaking them in water for 24 hours before planting can help. This soaking wakes up the seeds, telling them it’s time to grow. Not all seeds will need this, but it’s a simple step that can improve your chances of seeing those first green shoots.

Sowing Anthurium Seeds

Anthurium plant

Planting Anthurium seeds is a step that requires attention to detail and patience. This section will guide you through each step to ensure your seeds have the best start possible. Also, understanding the ideal conditions for germination is crucial for success.

Step-by-Step Sowing Guide

To plant your Anthurium seeds correctly, follow these steps closely. Each one is designed to help your seeds germinate and grow into healthy plants.

  1. Prepare Your Pot: Fill your pot with the pre-mixed soil. Make sure it’s moist but not waterlogged.
  2. Place the Seeds: Gently place the seeds on top of the soil. They should be spaced out evenly.
  3. Cover the Seeds: Lightly cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil. They don’t need to be deep, just enough to cover them.
  4. Moisten the Soil: Use a watering can to gently water the soil. The goal is to moisten the top layer without disturbing the seeds.
  5. Create Humidity: Cover the pot with clear plastic wrap or a plastic bag to keep the humidity high, which helps with germination.
PrepareFill pot and moisten soilReady the environment for the seeds
PlaceEvenly distribute seeds on soilEnsures space for growth
CoverLightly cover seeds with soilProtects and maintains moisture
MoistenWater gentlyProvides necessary hydration
Create HumidityCover pot with plasticKeeps humidity high for germination

Ideal Conditions

For Anthurium seeds to germinate, they need specific conditions. Temperature, humidity, and light play significant roles in the process. Here’s what you need to aim for:

  • Temperature: Keep the soil temperature between 75°F and 85°F (24°C to 29°C). Consistent warmth is key.
  • Humidity: Aim for high humidity, around 80% to 100%. The plastic covering helps achieve this.
  • Light: Provide bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can be too intense and dry out the soil too quickly.
ConditionRequirementWhy It Matters
Temperature75°F to 85°F (24°C to 29°C)Encourages seeds to germinate
Humidity80% to 100%Keeps seeds moist and ready to grow
LightBright, indirect lightSupports growth without drying out soil

Caring for Germinating Seeds

After your Anthurium seeds are safely sown, the next critical phase is caring for them as they begin to germinate. This stage is delicate, requiring precise watering practices and keen observation to monitor growth. Proper care ensures your seedlings have the best start toward healthy development.

Watering Practices

The key to watering Anthurium seedlings is balance. You need to provide enough water to keep the soil consistently moist but not so much that it becomes waterlogged. Overwatering is a common mistake that can lead to fungal diseases or rot, which are detrimental to young plants.

Check moistureEnsure soil is optimally moistUse a finger to feel the soil depth
Water gentlyAvoid disturbing seeds or causing erosionUse a spray bottle or watering can
DrainagePrevent water from poolingEnsure pots have drainage holes

A good practice is to check the soil’s moisture level daily, watering only when the top layer feels slightly dry to the touch. Using a spray bottle can help control the amount of water you apply, reducing the risk of overwatering.

Monitoring Growth

As your seeds begin to germinate, watch for key signs that indicate healthy development. Early stages of growth are crucial, and knowing what to look for can help you adjust care as needed.

SignIndicatesAction Required
SproutingSeeds are germinatingContinue current care practices
Green shootsSeedlings are emergingEnsure adequate light and moisture
First true leavesSeedlings are establishingBegin to consider light fertilization

Initially, you’ll see sprouts, which are the first signs of life. These will develop into green shoots, and eventually, the seedlings will produce their first true leaves, distinct from the initial sprouts. This progression signals healthy growth and the need for ongoing attention to light, humidity, and nutrition.

Caring for germinating Anthurium seeds is a process that combines attentiveness with restraint. By mastering the art of watering and learning to recognize the milestones of seedling growth, you’re laying the foundation for a thriving Anthurium plant. Remember, patience and consistent care are your best tools during this stage.

Post-Germination Care

After your Anthurium seeds have sprouted, the care you provide needs to shift to support their growth into strong, healthy plants. This includes thinning seedlings, transplanting them into individual pots, and starting a feeding regimen. Each of these steps is crucial for the development of your plants.

Thinning Seedlings

When seedlings emerge closely together, they compete for light, space, and nutrients, which can hinder their growth. Thinning is the process of removing some seedlings to give the remaining ones a better chance to thrive.

When 2-3 leavesGently pull out the weakest seedlingsTo reduce competition and promote healthier growth

The best time to thin seedlings is when they have 2-3 leaves. Choose the weakest seedlings and gently pull them out, being careful not to disturb the roots of the ones you’re keeping. This might seem tough, but it’s essential for the health of your Anthurium garden.


Once your seedlings have grown enough and are strong enough to handle, moving them to their own pots is necessary. This gives them the space they need to develop robust root systems.

Signs for readinessTransplant methodPot size
Several true leavesUse a spoon or small tool to lift seedlingsSmall pots that fit the root ball

Look for signs like the development of several true leaves. Use a spoon or a small tool to carefully lift the seedlings out, making sure to get as much of the root as possible, and transplant them into small pots that comfortably fit the root ball.


Feeding, or fertilizing, is essential for providing the nutrients your young plants need to grow. However, it’s important to start with a gentle approach.

FrequencyType of fertilizerApplication method
Once a monthLiquid fertilizer at half strengthApply to the soil, avoiding leaves

Begin fertilizing about a month after transplanting, using a liquid fertilizer at half the recommended strength. Apply it directly to the soil, avoiding the leaves to prevent burn. This will help your Anthurium plants grow strong and healthy.

In this post-germination phase, careful attention to thinning, transplanting, and feeding practices will ensure your Anthurium plants have the best conditions to flourish. Each step is designed to support their journey from delicate seedlings to robust, flowering plants.

Ongoing Care and Troubleshooting

Caring for Anthuriums as they grow is key to enjoying their beauty for years. This means providing them with the right light, keeping water and humidity levels just right, and dealing with any pests or diseases they might face.

Light Requirements

Anthuriums need the right amount of light to thrive, especially when grown indoors. They prefer bright, indirect sunlight. Too much direct sun can burn their leaves, while too little can hinder their growth and flowering.

Light ConditionIdeal SetupEffect on Plant
Bright, indirectNear a window with sheer curtainsPromotes healthy growth and flowering
Direct sunlightAvoid placing in direct sunCan cause leaf burn
Low lightSupplement with artificial light if neededPrevents stunting of growth

Watering and Humidity

Maintaining the right moisture level and humidity is crucial for Anthuriums. They like their soil to be consistently moist but not soggy. High humidity, around 60-80%, mimics their natural tropical habitat and supports their well-being.

WateringWater when the top inch of soil is dryKeeps soil optimally moist
HumidityUse a humidifier or pebble trayMaintains high humidity around plant

Common Pests and Diseases

Anthuriums, like all plants, can encounter pests and diseases. Common issues include aphids, mealybugs, and root rot. Regular inspection and clean practices can help prevent these problems.

AphidsSmall green bugs on leavesWash off with water or use insecticidal soap
MealybugsWhite cottony masses on the plantClean with alcohol on a cotton swab
Root rotYellowing leaves, wiltingEnsure good drainage, avoid overwatering

Monitoring your Anthuriums and adjusting their care as needed will help them stay healthy and vibrant. Paying attention to light, water, humidity, and keeping an eye out for pests and diseases will ensure your plants thrive and continue to bring tropical beauty to your indoor garden.

Pests and Problems

Anthurium pest

Anthuriums are susceptible to common plant pests such as aphids, mealybugs and scale. Inspect plants before purchase and quarantine for a few weeks after.

Inspect regularly and if any infestation is spotted or suspected, treat promptly with an insecticidal soap. Aphids can often be eradicated by simply rinsing the plant well with cool to lukewarm water under a hose or faucet. Repeat a week later to catch any eggs that may have been left behind.

They are generally disease free but may occasionally fall prey to a fungal disease called Rhizoctinia. This is usually only a problem if the plant is kept in hot, moist conditions and potted in poorly drained soil. The disease can be treated with a fungicide formulated for houseplants.

Enjoying Your Anthuriums

After all the care and attention you’ve given your Anthuriums, it’s time to enjoy the fruits of your labor. This section focuses on the flowering process and offers display tips to ensure your plants not only thrive but also enhance the beauty of your home.


One of the most rewarding aspects of growing Anthuriums is their stunning flowers. However, patience is key. Anthurium plants grown from seeds can take a bit longer to flower compared to those started from cuttings or bought as mature plants.

Germination2-4 weeks after plantingSeedlings emerge
Juvenile GrowthUp to 2 yearsPlant matures without flowering
FloweringTypically 2-3 years after germinationFirst flowers appear

It usually takes about 2-3 years from germination for an Anthurium plant to produce its first flowers. This timeframe can vary based on care, variety, and growing conditions.

Display Tips

Displaying your Anthurium plants effectively can significantly enhance their aesthetic appeal and the overall ambiance of your home. Here are some tips for showcasing your Anthuriums:

Bright, Indirect LightPlace near a window with sheer curtainsPromotes health and flowering
HumidityGroup plants together or use a humidifierMimics natural habitat, improves health
Strategic PlacementUse as a centerpiece or in clustersMaximizes visual impact
  • Create Focal Points: Use Anthuriums as eye-catching centerpieces on tables or as part of a larger plant display.
  • Leverage Height and Texture: Combine with other plants of varying heights and textures for a rich, layered look.
  • Consider the Container: Choose pots that complement your decor to enhance the plant’s natural beauty.

By following these tips, you can ensure your Anthuriums not only grow well but also become a vibrant part of your home’s decor. Enjoying these beautiful plants is the culmination of your gardening journey, offering both a sense of accomplishment and a source of ongoing beauty.


Growing Anthuriums from seeds is a journey that requires patience, attention, and care. From preparing the right soil mix and sowing the seeds to ensuring the ideal conditions for germination, each step plays a crucial role in the development of these tropical beauties.

As we’ve seen, the post-germination phase involves thinning, transplanting, and feeding your young plants, setting the stage for healthy growth. Ongoing care is essential, with proper lighting, watering, and humidity levels being key to preventing pests and diseases and ensuring vibrant growth.

The process of nurturing Anthuriums from seeds might test your patience, as it can take several years before you witness the first bloom. However, the rewards of this gardening endeavor are immense. Watching a tiny seed transform into a flourishing plant, adorned with striking flowers and glossy leaves, is a deeply satisfying experience. It not only enriches the aesthetic appeal of your indoor space but also brings a sense of achievement and connection to nature.

Embrace the journey of growing Anthuriums from seeds with enthusiasm and persistence. The care you invest in these early stages lays the foundation for a stunning indoor garden that will captivate and delight for years to come. Remember, the beauty of Anthuriums, much like many of life’s most precious rewards, comes to those who wait.

Growing Anthurium