10 Popular Types Of Home Air Conditioners (Buying Guide)

Summer or not, it’s definitely hotter in here! Climate change can really make our weather go berserk. And even if summer is still a few weeks away, you can already feel the sweltering heat. And come summer it can feel like a sauna or steam bath in your homes.

That’s why an air conditioner unit is non-negotiable nowadays. And there are several types of air conditioners. And to get the most out of your AC unit, you have to install one that meets your needs and circumstances.

We’re going to list 10 popular types of air conditioners so that you can decide which fits your needs.

General types of air conditioners 

Air conditioners fall into two categories- split type and stand alone. 

Air conditioning units consist of two metal coils. And the difference lies in the location of the coils

1. Stand-alone air conditioner unit

Stand-alone AC units have both the coil located inside. These types of AC have several advantages. It can be cheaper, easier to install, and easier to move to the other room. So it can really be convenient.

However, it can have its cons too. Stand-alone AC units can be noisy and they have limited capacity for cooling a room. And you also need an air vent that’s directed to the outside. This is where the hot air is supposed to be dispersed.

2. Split type

The split type AC, on the other hand, has different locations for its coils. One coil is located inside the unit and the other coil is located outside. So you would see those huge, not so pretty metal structures that make noise. So you can expect the split type AC to be quieter since most of the noise will be concentrated outside.

And split type AC units gained its name because they consist of two or more parts and components.

Split type AC units also have a large capacity and can cool up a room pretty quickly compared to standalone units. And you don’t need to install air vents too. Another advantage of split type AC units is that they can cool different rooms at different temperatures. So your  living room can be a bit warmer compared to your bedroom.  It lets you customize your indoor air with just a touch of a button.

But expect these AC units to be more expensive and it’s more challenging to install. You would often need the help of a professional to install one in your house.

Types of air conditioners

1. Stand-alone portable air conditioners

Portable air conditioner

Portable air conditioners are the easiest way to pick up some cool air. It doesn’t need to be installed in a room. And it’s relatively small and it comes with wheels. So it’s easy to move from one room to another. Typically, portable air conditioners can cool a small single room.

And all the important components of the air conditioner are squeezed into one single appliance.  And both the condenser and the fan are located in one unit and this explains why portable air conditioners can be really noisy.

Portable air conditioners have the capacity that ranges from 5 to 15 BTU. And it can cool down 400-450 square meters. And if you have a room larger than 500 square meters, it won’t be able to cool down the room.

Portable air conditioners are usually used in spaces or homes where you won’t be able to install an opening or duct system for an air conditioner unit.

2. Stand-alone window conditioners

This is one of the most popular types of conditioners. The air conditioner is typically encapsulated in a shell casing. It can be built on a window or through a window or a wall. The air conditioner faces the indoors while the opposite side is directed to the outdoors.

It’s too common to see window type air conditioners lining up the houses in your neighborhood. And it’s all too common that you’d catch a drip of condensation as you walk by. The chances are very high.

If you have to install the unit in a wall, the wall must not be thicker than 9 inches. Otherwise, it might not be efficient in cooling.

This type of air conditioner is more affordable and easier to install. These units typically come with a remote control too. Though you can access the unit via the manual controls too.

3. Stand-alone wall mounted air conditioner

Stand alone wall mounted air conditioner

This type of AC is usually seen in old buildings where you can’t put any AC shell on the outside of the building. These units are a bit bigger and can become hot, especially in the summer.

It’s more complex to install, that’s why you really need to get the assistance of a professional. It can be more expensive but it’s also usable during the winter. You can use this AC unit both to cool down and heat your room. So there’s no need to buy a heater too.

4. Stand-alone floor mounted air conditioner

It has almost the same mechanism as the wall-mounted, except that this is installed on the floor, hence the name. This is usually seen in old buildings and structures.

This type of AC however, isn’t being installed anymore in these modern times. These units can be really bulky and eat up a lot of space.

5. Spot coolers

Spot cooler air conditioner

These air conditioner units are perfect for boats and ships. These are industrial AC units.

These air conditioner units can be seen parked on one warm side of the boat.

6. Split type central air conditioners

Central air conditioners are the most complex type yet the easiest to operate. It can create cold air for the entire house quickly. And this type of air conditioner uses a split system air conditioning.

This type of AC is also preferred by a lot of people. This type of AC has several advantages, but it comes at a more steep price.  And  a central air conditioning system is ideal for big homes and large spaces.  And It’s quieter, and it usually has a bigger capacity

But this type of air conditioning system is perhaps the most complex and  most challenging to  install. Careful planning is also done here because the system will be installed inside your home. Thus, there’s no room for DIYs here. You have to have it installed by a professional.

7. Split type ceiling type air conditioner

Split type ceiling type air conditioner

This type of AC also uses a split system. The ceiling type air conditioner is often seen in office spaces. And as the name implies, the units are mounted on the ceiling. This type of AC is usually more powerful and modern looking. And you won’t be able to see the air pipes that are attached through the building.

A ceiling type air conditioner will also create a downward breeze. Since the air conditioning unit is mounted above, you’d feel the cold air going downwards.

8. Split type portable air conditioners

Split type portable air conditioners

Compared to the standalone portable AC units, this has more power. But it’s still a cheaper alternative and it’s mobile too. So the wheels are quite handy and you can move it from one room to the other with ease.

It has several advantages over the stand-alone portable. It’s quieter. The compressor is located outside your homes instead of inside the Ac unit hence the less noise. But this AC is more challenging to install, therefore pricier than the portable one.

9. Split type wall mounted

It’s the same as the stand-alone wall mounted air conditioner. But expect these to be more costly and would entail more time in installation. And of course, it’s more powerful and pirates quietly than the stand-alone AC.

10. Split type floor mounted

It’s mounted on the floors and uses the split system. It functions in the same way as the wall-mounted AC units.

What to Consider When Buying an AC Unit

1. Cost

Stand alone air conditioner units are more affordable than split type systems.

2. Area to be covered

How many square meters is your room? Different types of AC units have different prowess when it comes to area coverage. For instance, a portable AC can only cover a room with a maximum of 450 square meters.

3. BTU

The BTU is the cooling prowess of the  air conditioning unit. It will let you know if it can cool a larger room or if it’s limited to a smaller one. You might be tempted to just get a larger one for your small space to ensure a cool retreat, but it isn’t advisable.

It can cool the room quickly, but it’s a waste of energy. And you’ll feel clammy and sticky afterwards because humidity will also be removed.

4. Duct or ductless

If you already have an existing duct system or your space can accommodate  a new one, you can easily opt for a ducted AC unit. But if there’s no way for you to make a vent that leads to the outside, a ductless air conditioner is a great option. Check a list of quality ductless AC here. It can quickly cool up the air in your space without too much hassle.

Which is better?

To make the most out of your air conditioning unit, you have to purchase one that fits your budget, your needs, and your circumstances. In this way, you’ll be able to find the best cooling solution that is economical for you.



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