If you want to make a bold statement be it for your outdoor garden or your indoor aesthetics, palm trees are always a good choice to start from.
Contrary to what most of us ordinarily know, these tropical trees come in many shapes and hues and colors.
In this article, we will focus on the types of palm trees and we shall answer key questions about palm trees that anyone who wishes to take a chance on it for their gardens would know.
Why is it called a palm tree?
First of all, palms are not really trees. Botanically, palm trees are woody herbs categorized with bamboo, banana, and sedges.
There is no accurate account as to how it got its name but fossil records indicate that the tree has been around for 80 million years; a time when dinosaurs were still alive.
The name palm is also well-documented in ancient scrolls from Hebrew, Latin, Mesopotamian, Aramaic, Greek and Egyptian scriptures.
Through the years, the descriptions from these texts allowed botanists to come up with the division between date palms and coconut palms.
As an ornamental plant, it was first introduced during the Victorian era and was distributed to the Western hemisphere through Spanish missionaries who brought it to Los Angeles in the 18th century making it the palm state/canyon while it has been a popular tree in the other side of the world, specifically in Asia and the Pacific.
How many types of palm are there?
There has been a wide confusion in terms of what we refer to when we are talking about types of palm trees. One reason is that most articles about it interchange types with species.
If this is what you are here for then you are looking at more than 3,600 types of palms. So the better classification of types of palm is in terms of appearance and botanical tendencies. Thus, we can say that we have 8 types of palm trees:
- Indoor palms: those that can be cultivated out of their natural habitats at smaller heights.
- Fan leaf palms: those with fan-shaped foliage
- Feather leaf palms: those with feathery fronds and arching foliage; typically, narrower in size than fan-shaped leaves
- Palms with edible fruits: this is where the date and coconut palms are categorized
- Cold hardy palms: those that could tolerate temperatures below 15degrees
- Drought tolerant palms: those that could thrive in less moist regions and under harsher soil and climate conditions.
- Tall growing palms: those that could grow at a mature height of more than 30ft (fun fact, the largest palm tree is found in the Amazon standing at 167ft)
- Bonsai palms: those that are cultivated by limiting their mature height to a maximum of 6ft only
Indoor palm trees
Palm trees that are grown indoors are those that thrive in environments with average humidity, medium-light, and consistent warmer temperature.
You might feel like the palm tree is not a suitable house plant because it could grow very tall and very leafy but here are some indoor palm trees that will prove you otherwise.
1. Belmore Sentry Palm (Howea Belmoreana)
Common names: the curly palm, kentia palm
It is also often confused with Kentia but this one has narrower leaves and more arched fronds making it look curled, hence the nickname curly palm.
It can reach a height of more than 10ft. It is a favorite accent plant in hotel lobbies, function halls, and pool sides. It has a slower growth rate than Kentia and is relatively easy to care for and maintain.
2. Kentia Palm (Howea Forsteriana, thatch palm)
If anything, the Kentia will require you to really give a wide indoor space for it to be placed if you intend to keep it as a houseplant.
It is a slow-growing palm with wide leaves (up to 1ft long) with fronds that are slightly arched. It is native to Australia and is also fondly called paradise palm. It loves bright and indirect light and is generally low maintenance. It is pricey though.
3. Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix Roebelenii)
It is native to Southeast Asia with a maximum height of 4ft when grown indoors and more than 10ft when grown outdoors. It has a unique look with a pineapple-like, chunky trunk and narrow leaves.
It is categorized within the feather palm type and has a slow growth rate. It is sensitive to its roots being disturbed so it does not really want to be repotted.
Common names: golden cane palm, areca palm, yellow palm, or butterfly palm
It has minimum care requirements and can thrive even in a very minimally lighted room. It is native to Madagascar and it also goes by the name of butterfly palm. When grown indoors, its maximum height will only be at 6ft.
It is actually clustered under bamboo palms because its stems will look like bonsai bamboo at the mature phase. It is often confused with Kentia but this one has narrower leaves and is less expensive.
5. Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea Elegans)
It is native to Mexico and is considered as the most common indoor palm. It is loved for its tropical, bright green color, slightly arching fronds, and its indoor houseplant appropriate height of 4ft at maximum.
It is a slow grower, thus, requiring minimal care. It also fares well in many light conditions from bright to partial light.
6. Ponytail Palm (Beaucarnea recurvata)
It is considered as the palm with the highest ornamental value and is also called as the elephant foot palm.
Interestingly, it cannot be categorized as either a palm or a tree because it is actually a large succulent, specifically a member of the agave family. It has long, arched leaves and a swollen base in the trunk.
7. Cascade Palm (Chamaedorea cataractarum)
It is also called the cat palm or Mexico hat palm native to south Mexico and central America.
It basically gets its name from its cascading leaves and feathery fronds. They could grow to up to 6ft when grown indoors. It is typically found in areas near riverbanks and streams and thrives best under the shade and consistently moist areas.
8. Bamboo Palm (Chamaedorea seifrizii)
It literally has bamboo looking canes producing clustered, dense, feathery fronds growing in a height range of 4 to 12ft and a width range of 5ft.
It loves direct bright light that is why if you want to cultivate it as indoor plant, you have to place it in a space where it will get more shade than light.
9. Sago Palm (Cycas revoluta)
It is considered as a fake palm because botanically, it does not belong to the family. It looks like a dwarf bottle palm but its leaves have the appearance of thick ferns.
10. Lady Palm (Rhapis excelsa)
Fondly called as just rhapis, this one is native to Southeast Asia. It is distinguishable for its dark green, exceptionally shiny arching fronds. It is tricky to grow as it does not tolerate full sun and full shade. It has a mature height of 7ft and requires regular pruning.
11. Majesty Palm (Ravenea rivularis)
It is the perfect indoor palm because it is a slow-grower and it loves the shade. And since it loves consistent moisture too, you have to keep it in a space in the kitchen or bathroom. It can grow at a height of 10ft if cultivated indoors. It looks like a common palm in the Middle East. It could spice up any dull space in your home, anytime.
12. Yucca Palm (Yucca elephantipes)
The yucca is also called as the Spanish bayonet because of razor sharp leaves. But the elephantipes is the spineless yucca and does not have pointy, razor-sharp leaves.
As a matter of fact, the leaves of this one is edible and a known source of Vitamin C. It is drought-tolerant with strappy leaves arching out of the trunk.
Growing palms in containers has always been a trend and for many good reasons. One, container palms have limited full growth heights making them good houseplants both for indoor use and small garden accents.
Second, since it is grown in containers, they are highly movable especially during hard rains to avoid overwatering and over-moisture or when the temp drops and they are not cold-hardy. Here are some container plants that you can grow.
13. Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe Lagenicaulis, palmiste gargoulette)
It is called as such because its trunk looks like a bottle with a narrow top bulging down to the bottom like a typical bottle. It is fairly compact in size and has a maximum growth height of 12ft only.
It is a slow-grower so it really makes a good garden plant. But since it cannot tolerate colder temperatures, it must be moved during the winter.
14. Lipstick Palm (Cyrtostachys Renda)
It gets its name from its red-colored shaft at the topmost part of its trunk. It was initially known as the sealing wax palm because the red shaft has the same color as sealing waxes of the medieval era.
It is a very broad and tall palm standing at 20ft tall when cultivated as a houseplant (50ft in its natural habitat) and 5ft long, spreading leaves.
15. Fishtail Palm (Caryota Mitis)
It is a feather type palm although it does not look like one, let alone a palm tree. Its dark green foliage literally looks like fish tails.
It loves warm and humus soils. It is easy to grow, requiring minimal plant care requirements. It is very adaptive that it has been considered as an invasive plant in Florida.
16. Diamond Palm or Joey Palm (Johannesteijsmannia Altifrons)
There is something very regal about how it looks thanks to its very broad and large leaves (one of the largest leaves for palms).
It is a subterranean palm with roots established deep in the ground and large, fan-shaped leaves that grow outward from the root without trunk. It is native to Thailand and Malaysian rainforests.
17. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus Wagnerianus, Chusan palm, Chinese windmill palm)
This one is native to China with a mature height of 25ft and leaves growing to up to 3ft. It is also tolerant to a wide range of growing conditions including drought and freezing point temperature. As a matter of fact, it is grown in very cold regions like Russia, Alaska, and Canada, among others.
18. Red Feather Palm (Chambeyronia Macrocarpa, flamethrower palm)
It is native to New Caledonia and is a rainforest palm. It is also called a red leaf palm or flame thrower palm because its new leaves appear first as red in color and then turning into bright green after two weeks. It has broad, arching leaves that can measure up to 12ft and a mature height of up to 20ft. It cannot tolerate colder temperatures.
19. Dwarf palmetto (Sabal minor)
It is an evergreen palm tree and one of the hardiest palm species available. It is called bush or scrub palmetto growing with a small trunk or none at all. It has more than 40 leaves in one spine. These leaves are narrow and pointed which in totality appears like a fan. It is drought and salt tolerant.
20. European fan palm (Chamaerops)
It is also called as the Mediterranean dwarf plant that can tolerate below freezing point temperatures and the hardest palm of all (up to -12degrees Celsius). They are also beautiful indoor houseplants in rich, well-draining, and consistently moist containers.
Cold hardy palm trees
Most of us would not know that there are some palm varieties that could thrive well in the cold since it is a common fact that palm is a tropical plant.
You must have wondered about palm trees thriving in colder areas where they, due to popular belief, are thought to not survive at all.
Here are some cold-hardy palm trees that you can plant if you are in regions with consistent lower temperatures.
21. Pindo palm (Butia Capitata, jelly palm)
It is considered as the hardiest palm under the feather palm types and it is also called as the jelly palm. It can grow to a maximum of 30ft known for its wide, chunky trunk and blue-green leaves and spiky fronds. It can tolerate temperatures of up to 5degrees.
22. Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona Chinensis)
This palm is also called a fountain palm and is native to China and Japan. It is named as such because of its easily recognizable deep-green, fan-shaped leaves (looking like an open fan).
It is loved because it is essentially a survivor, thriving well in a wide range of climate, light, and soil conditions. It is both drought and frost tolerant.
23. Sabal Palm (Sabal Palmetto, cabbage-palm, blue palmetto, Carolina palmetto, common palmetto, swamp cabbage)
It is a famous coastline palm and is the state tree of Florida and South Carolina. It is a very sturdy tree, standing stall even after hurricanes and tornadoes.
It can tolerate lower temperatures of up to 5degrees and can grow tall at 30ft maximum. It is also called cabbage palm.
24. Needle Palmetto (Rhapidophyllum Hystrix, Blue Palmetto)
Also called the needle palm, it is considered as the hardiest palm available as it could survive even at -5degrees and still thrive well under full sun.
It got its name from its sharp and pointed needle-like leaves that grow upwards without an arch. It cannot tolerate high salt levels in the soil so it is not a good addition in areas near the sea.
25. Saw Palmetto (Serenoa Repens)
It is a slow-growing, ground covering palm that could reach 10ft of full height even without trunks. They look like the Chinese fan palm but its leaves are more open and arched. It is used more as a groundcover making it a canopy plant for taller palms.
Other palm trees
26. Açaí Palm (Euterpe oleracea)
The Açaí Palm (Euterpe oleracea) is a native species of the Amazon Rainforest, primarily found in Brazil and other South American countries. This tropical palm tree thrives in swampy areas and floodplains, reaching heights of up to 25 meters.
Its slender, yet sturdy trunk is adorned with feathery, arching leaves, giving it an elegant appearance.
The Açaí Palm is renowned for its small, dark purple berries, which are loaded with antioxidants, fiber, and healthy fats.
These nutritious berries have been traditionally consumed by indigenous communities for centuries and, in recent years, have gained popularity worldwide as a superfood, used in smoothie bowls, juices, and supplements.
27. African Fan Palm (Borassus aethiopum)
The African Fan Palm (Borassus aethiopum) is a majestic palm species native to the tropical regions of Africa, predominantly found in countries such as Senegal, Ethiopia, and Tanzania.
Its robust trunk, which can reach up to 30 meters in height, is adorned with large, fan-shaped leaves that create a striking silhouette against the landscape.
The African Fan Palm is not only an aesthetically pleasing plant but also a versatile resource for local communities. Its sap is tapped to produce palm wine, while its fibrous leaves are utilized for roofing materials and handicrafts.
Additionally, the palm’s edible fruit is a valuable food source, particularly its nutritious seeds, which can be ground into flour or consumed as a snack.
28. Alexandra palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae)
The Alexandra Palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae) is an elegant and slender palm species native to the rainforests of northeastern Australia.
Its smooth, gray trunk can grow up to 30 meters tall and is topped with a stunning crown of feathery, green leaves that gracefully arch in a canopy-like formation.
This palm tree is well-suited for both tropical and subtropical climates, making it a popular choice for landscaping and ornamental purposes in various parts of the world.
The Alexandra Palm produces clusters of small, bright red fruits that are not only visually appealing but also serve as a valuable food source for local wildlife, particularly birds and bats.
Its adaptability and striking appearance make the Alexandra Palm a beloved addition to gardens and parks alike.
29. American Oil Palm (Attalea butyracea)
The American Oil Palm (Attalea butyracea) is a robust and versatile palm species native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, including countries such as Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela.
This impressive tree can reach heights of up to 20 meters, with its massive, fan-shaped leaves forming a dense and striking canopy.
The American Oil Palm is highly valued for its large, oily fruits, which are rich in nutrients and have been traditionally used for culinary and medicinal purposes. The extracted oil from these fruits is a key ingredient in various products such as soaps, candles, and cosmetics.
Additionally, the tree’s fibrous leaves are often utilized for creating thatched roofs and woven handicrafts, making the American Oil Palm an essential resource for many indigenous communities throughout its native range.
30. Arikury Palm (Syagrus schizophylla)
The Arikury Palm (Syagrus schizophylla) is a small, yet captivating palm species native to the coastal regions of Brazil. Growing up to 6 meters tall, this charming tree boasts a slender trunk adorned with feathery, green leaves that fan out in a delicate manner.
The Arikury Palm’s compact size and elegant appearance make it an ideal choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical climates, where it adds a touch of beauty and grace to gardens and parks.
Beyond its ornamental value, the Arikury Palm also produces small, yellow-orange fruits that serve as an important food source for local wildlife. This resilient and attractive palm tree is a testament to the diverse and remarkable world of palm species.
31. Bay-Leaf Palm (Sabal mauritiiformis)
The Bay-Leaf Palm (Sabal mauritiiformis) is a striking palm species native to the tropical rainforests and swamps of Central and South America, spanning countries such as Belize, Colombia, and Costa Rica.
This impressive tree can reach heights of up to 20 meters, boasting a sturdy trunk topped with a dense crown of large, fan-shaped leaves.
The bay-leaf palm derives its name from the resemblance of its leaves to the bay leaf commonly used in cooking.
This versatile palm has many practical uses; its leaves are often harvested for creating thatched roofs, hats, and baskets, while its edible fruits are consumed by both humans and wildlife alike.
The Bay-Leaf Palm’s combination of beauty, adaptability, and functionality makes it a valuable addition to the diverse family of palm species.
32. Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis)
The Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis) is a visually striking and unique palm species native to the island of Madagascar. This impressive tree can grow up to 25 meters tall, characterized by its thick, sturdy trunk and a stunning crown of large, fan-shaped leaves that display an unusual silvery-blue hue.
The Bismarck Palm’s distinct appearance and adaptability to various climates have made it a popular choice for landscaping in both tropical and subtropical regions around the world.
In addition to its ornamental value, the Bismarck Palm also has cultural significance, as its leaves are traditionally used by local Malagasy communities for constructing roofs and creating handicrafts.
The Bismarck Palm’s combination of beauty, resilience, and cultural importance make it a truly remarkable member of the palm family.
33. Blue Latan Palm (Latania loddigesii)
The Blue Latan Palm (Latania loddigesii) is a visually striking and rare palm species native to the Mascarene Islands, specifically the island of Mauritius.
This slow-growing tree can reach heights of up to 10 meters, showcasing a single, thick trunk topped with a crown of large, fan-shaped leaves that exhibit a stunning blue-silver hue.
The Blue Latan Palm’s distinctive appearance and rarity make it a highly sought-after ornamental plant for collectors and enthusiasts, adding a touch of exotic beauty to gardens and landscapes in tropical and subtropical regions.
Although it does not have significant practical uses, the Blue Latan Palm’s unique coloration and rarity contribute to its status as a prized and fascinating member of the palm family.
34. California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera)
The California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera), also known as the Desert Fan Palm, is a remarkable palm species native to the desert oases of southwestern North America, particularly in California and Arizona.
This robust tree can grow up to 23 meters tall, featuring a stout trunk adorned with a dense crown of large, fan-shaped leaves that provide a striking silhouette against the arid landscape.
The California Fan Palm is well-adapted to its desert environment, making it an excellent choice for landscaping in drought-prone regions.
In addition to its ornamental value, the tree’s fibrous leaves have been traditionally used by indigenous people for making baskets, mats, and other handicrafts, while its edible fruits serve as a valuable food source for both humans and wildlife.
The California Fan Palm’s unique adaptability and resilience make it a perfect symbol of the beauty and diversity found within the palm family.
35. Canala Palm (Kentiopsis oliviformis)
The Canala Palm (Kentiopsis oliviformis) is an elegant and relatively rare palm species native to the tropical rainforests of New Caledonia, a remote archipelago in the South Pacific.
Growing up to 15 meters tall, this slender tree boasts a smooth, gray trunk adorned with a graceful crown of feathery, arching leaves that give it an air of sophistication.
The Canala Palm’s ornamental value and adaptability to various climates make it a desirable choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical regions, adding a touch of exotic charm to gardens and parks.
While the Canala Palm does not have significant practical uses, its rarity and captivating appearance contribute to its status as a prized and intriguing member of the palm family.
36. Canary Palm Tree (Phoenix canariensis)
The Canary Palm Tree (Phoenix canariensis), also known as the Canary Island Date Palm, is a striking and iconic palm species native to the Canary Islands, an archipelago off the northwest coast of Africa.
This majestic tree can grow up to 20 meters tall, featuring a thick, sturdy trunk and a lush crown of feathery, arching leaves that create a distinctive silhouette.
The Canary Palm Tree’s impressive stature and adaptability to various climates have made it a popular choice for landscaping in both tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, gracing streets, parks, and gardens with its regal presence.
Beyond its ornamental value, the Canary Palm Tree also produces edible fruits similar to dates, which serve as a valuable food source for local wildlife.
The combination of beauty, versatility, and cultural significance make the Canary Palm Tree a truly remarkable member of the palm family.
37. Caranday Palm (Copernicia alba)
The Caranday Palm (Copernicia alba), also known as the Wax Palm, is a versatile and resilient palm species native to the Gran Chaco region of South America, spanning countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay.
This hardy tree can grow up to 20 meters tall, characterized by a slender, gray trunk topped with a compact crown of fan-shaped leaves that display a unique blue-green hue.
The Caranday Palm’s adaptability to various soil types and drought resistance make it an excellent choice for landscaping in arid and semi-arid regions.
Apart from its ornamental value, the Caranday Palm has numerous practical uses; its leaves are harvested for creating thatched roofs and handicrafts, while its fruit produces a valuable wax used in the cosmetic and candle-making industries.
The Caranday Palm’s combination of beauty, adaptability, and functionality make it an invaluable asset to the diverse family of palm species.
38. Caribbean royal palm (Roystonea oleracea)
The Caribbean Royal Palm (Roystonea oleracea) is a magnificent and statuesque palm species native to the Lesser Antilles, Trinidad, and Tobago in the Caribbean region.
This regal tree can reach heights of up to 40 meters, boasting a smooth, straight trunk that displays a characteristic bulge towards its base, and an impressive crown of feathery, plume-like leaves that create a stunning visual impact.
The Caribbean Royal Palm’s stately appearance and adaptability to various climates make it a popular choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical regions, adding an air of grandeur to streets, parks, and gardens.
Beyond its ornamental value, the Caribbean Royal Palm has practical uses as well; its trunk is known to yield high-quality timber, while its leaves are used for weaving mats and constructing roofs. The striking beauty and utility of the Caribbean Royal Palm solidify its position as a truly remarkable member of the palm family.
39. Carpentaria Palm (Carpentaria acuminata)
The Carpentaria Palm (Carpentaria acuminata) is an elegant and slender palm species native to the rainforests of northern Australia, specifically the Northern Territory and Queensland. This graceful tree can grow up to 25 meters tall, featuring a slender, ringed trunk adorned with a lush crown of feathery, bright green leaves that give it an air of tropical sophistication.
The Carpentaria Palm’s ornamental value and rapid growth rate make it a popular choice for landscaping in tropical regions, adding a touch of exotic charm to gardens, parks, and streetscapes.
While the Carpentaria Palm does not have significant practical uses, its stunning appearance and adaptability to various climates contribute to its status as a prized and captivating member of the palm family.
40. Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea chilensis)
The Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea chilensis) is a majestic and rare palm species native to the coastal forests of central Chile. This impressive tree can grow up to 25 meters tall, boasting a thick, stout trunk and a striking crown of pinnate, blue-green leaves that create a distinctive and imposing silhouette. The Chilean Wine Palm’s unique appearance and adaptability to various climates make it a sought-after choice for landscaping in temperate regions, adding an exotic touch to gardens, parks, and estates.
Beyond its ornamental value, the Chilean Wine Palm has historical significance due to its sap, which was traditionally used to produce a fermented beverage known as “palm wine.”
Additionally, its edible seeds, also called “coquitos,” are reminiscent of miniature coconuts and enjoyed as a local delicacy. The Chilean Wine Palm’s combination of beauty, cultural importance, and rarity make it a fascinating and treasured member of the palm family.
41. Christmas Palm Tree (Adonidia merrillii)
The Christmas Palm Tree (Adonidia merrillii), also known as the Manila Palm, is a charming and festive palm species native to the Philippines.
This delightful tree typically grows up to 6-8 meters tall, featuring a slender, smooth trunk adorned with a neat crown of arching, feathery leaves that give it a cheerful, tropical appearance.
The Christmas Palm Tree gets its name from the vibrant clusters of red fruits that emerge during the holiday season, adding a pop of color and festive charm to gardens, streets, and parks.
Its compact size, ornamental value, and adaptability to various climates make the Christmas Palm Tree a popular choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical regions.
42. Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera)
The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) is an iconic and versatile palm species native to the tropical regions of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
This quintessential palm tree can grow up to 30 meters tall, characterized by a slender, often leaning trunk and a distinctive crown of feathery, frond-like leaves that epitomize the essence of tropical paradise.
The Coconut Palm’s adaptability to various coastal environments and its renowned fruit make it a popular choice for landscaping in tropical regions, as well as a symbol of relaxation and leisure.
Beyond its ornamental value, the Coconut Palm has immense practical significance; its fruit provides a nutritious source of food, water, and oil, while its leaves, husks, and wood are utilized for creating shelter, handicrafts, and fuel.
The Coconut Palm’s combination of beauty, versatility, and cultural importance make it an invaluable and legendary member of the palm family.
43. Date Palm Tree (Phoenix dactylifera)
The Date Palm Tree (Phoenix dactylifera) is a historically significant and versatile palm species native to the arid regions of North Africa and the Middle East. This ancient tree can grow up to 23 meters tall, featuring a stout, textured trunk crowned with a dense canopy of feathery, blue-green leaves that create a striking visual impact.
The Date Palm Tree’s adaptability to dry climates and its highly valued fruit make it a vital choice for landscaping in desert regions, as well as a symbol of prosperity and endurance.
Apart from its ornamental value, the Date Palm Tree has tremendous practical importance; its fruit, the date, is a nutritious staple food in many cultures, while its leaves, wood, and fibers are used for creating shelter, handicrafts, and rope.
The Date Palm Tree’s blend of beauty, versatility, and historical significance make it an esteemed and timeless member of the palm family.
44. Dwarf Majesty Palm (Ravenea hildebrandtii)
The Dwarf Majesty Palm (Ravenea hildebrandtii) is a petite and elegant palm species native to the arid regions of Madagascar. This charming tree typically grows up to 3-4 meters tall, showcasing a slender, smooth trunk adorned with a compact crown of feathery, green leaves that create a delightful and delicate aesthetic.
The Dwarf Majesty Palm’s small stature, ornamental value, and adaptability to various climates make it an ideal choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical regions, as well as a popular indoor plant for adding a touch of greenery and exotic charm to interior spaces.
45. Dwarf Sugar Palm (Arenga engleri)
The Dwarf Sugar Palm (Arenga engleri) is a compact and attractive palm species native to the subtropical forests of Taiwan, southern China, and the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.
This alluring tree typically grows up to 3-5 meters tall, featuring a clustering growth habit with multiple trunks adorned by a dense crown of pinnate, dark green leaves that give it a lush and tropical appearance.
The Dwarf Sugar Palm’s manageable size, ornamental value, and adaptability to various climates make it a popular choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical regions, as well as a captivating indoor plant for adding an exotic touch to living spaces.
46. Everglades Palm (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii)
The Everglades Palm (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii), also known as the Paurotis Palm or Silver Saw Palmetto, is a unique and striking palm species native to the freshwater marshes and swamps of Florida, the Caribbean, and Central America.
This resilient tree typically grows up to 5-7 meters tall, displaying a clustering growth habit with multiple slender trunks that are covered by fibrous matting.
The Everglades Palm is characterized by its fan-shaped, silver-blue leaves that create a dense, bushy crown, lending it an intriguing and distinctive appearance.
This palm’s ability to thrive in wet, poorly drained soils and its tolerance for saltwater make it a popular choice for landscaping in coastal regions and wetland restoration projects. Its striking foliage also provides an attractive contrast in gardens, parks, and streetscapes.
47. Flame Thrower Palm (Chambeyronia macrocarpa)
The Flame Thrower Palm (Chambeyronia macrocarpa) is an eye-catching and exotic palm species native to the rainforests of New Caledonia. This mesmerizing tree typically grows up to 12-15 meters tall, featuring a solitary, smooth trunk with a thick crown of arching, pinnate leaves that create an elegant and tropical appearance.
The Flame Thrower Palm gets its name from the stunning display of its newly emerging leaves, which unfurl in a brilliant shade of red, resembling a burst of flames before gradually turning green.
This unique characteristic sets it apart from other palm species and makes it a popular choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical regions, adding a dramatic touch of color and intrigue to gardens, parks, and streetscapes.
48. Florida Cherry Palm (Pseudophoenix sargentii)
The Florida Cherry Palm (Pseudophoenix sargentii), also known as the Buccaneer Palm or Sargent’s Cherry Palm, is a rare and captivating palm species native to the coastal regions of Florida, the Caribbean, and the Bahamas.
This intriguing tree typically grows up to 6-10 meters tall, showcasing a solitary, slender trunk with an attractive diamond pattern created by leaf scars. The Florida Cherry Palm is characterized by its compact crown of glossy, pinnate leaves that produce a graceful and elegant appearance.
Its small, cherry-like fruit adds an additional element of visual interest, changing from green to red as it ripens.
49. Florida Royal Palm (Roystonea regia)
The Florida Royal Palm (Roystonea regia), commonly known as the Cuban Royal Palm or simply Royal Palm, is a majestic and iconic palm species native to the tropical regions of Florida, the Caribbean, and Central America.
This impressive tree can grow up to 20-30 meters tall, featuring a solitary, smooth, and slightly bulging trunk that is topped with a magnificent crown of large, feathery, pinnate leaves, creating a classic and regal appearance.
50. Foxtail Palm (Wodyetia bifurcata)
The Foxtail Palm (Wodyetia bifurcata) is an eye-catching and unique palm species native to the rainforests of northeastern Australia.
This elegant tree is characterized by its slender, smooth trunk and a dense crown of bushy, feathery fronds that resemble a fox’s tail, giving it its distinctive name.
51. Guadalupe Palm (Brahea edulis)
The Guadalupe Palm (Brahea edulis) is a rare and attractive palm species native to the remote Guadalupe Island off the coast of Baja California, Mexico.
This slow-growing tree typically reaches heights of 4-8 meters, featuring a solitary, stout trunk adorned with a dense crown of fan-shaped, blue-green leaves that create an elegant and alluring appearance.
52. King Palm / Bangalow palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana)
The King Palm, also known as the Bangalow Palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana), is a graceful and stately palm species native to the subtropical rainforests of eastern Australia.
This fast-growing tree can reach heights of 20-25 meters, featuring a solitary, slender, and smooth trunk topped with a lush crown of long, arching, pinnate leaves that create an elegant and tropical appearance.
53. Loulu Palm Trees (Pritchardia spp.)
The Loulu Palm Trees (Pritchardia spp.) are a group of captivating and rare palm species endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
These trees vary in height from 3 to 30 meters depending on the species, featuring solitary, slender trunks adorned with a crown of large, fan-shaped leaves that create a distinctive and tropical appearance.
54. MacArthur Palm (Ptychosperma macarthurii)
The MacArthur Palm (Ptychosperma macarthurii) is a charming and compact palm species native to the tropical rainforests of northern Australia and Papua New Guinea.
This small to medium-sized tree usually grows up to 10 meters tall, featuring clustered, slender trunks adorned with a graceful crown of pinnate, feather-like leaves that create an elegant and tropical appearance.
55. Mazari Palm (Nannorrhops ritchiana)
The Mazari Palm (Nannorrhops ritchiana) is native to the arid regions of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, where it thrives in harsh desert conditions. This unique palm exhibits a clumping growth habit with multiple stems emerging from the base, and features stiff, blue-green leaves that form a dense crown.
Its ability to withstand extreme temperatures and drought makes it a resilient and attractive choice for arid landscapes.
56. Mediterranean Dwarf Palm (Chamaerops humilis)
The Mediterranean Dwarf Palm (Chamaerops humilis) is native to the coastal regions of the western Mediterranean, where it enjoys the warm climate.
This slow-growing palm features a bushy, multi-stemmed growth habit and fan-shaped, dark green leaves that lend a lush appearance.
Its compact size and adaptability make it a popular choice for landscaping in Mediterranean-style gardens and urban settings.
57. Mexican Palm tree (Washingtonia robusta)
The Mexican Palm tree (Washingtonia robusta) originates from the desert regions of Mexico and Baja California, where it is well-adapted to arid conditions. This stately palm showcases a slender, tall trunk topped with a crown of large, fan-shaped, bright green leaves.
Its rapid growth rate and impressive height, often reaching over 100 feet, make it an iconic choice for creating a tropical atmosphere in landscapes and lining streets in warm climates.
58. Montgomery Palm (Veitchia arecina)
The Montgomery Palm (Veitchia arecina) hails from the tropical rainforests of Vanuatu, a South Pacific island nation. Characterized by its slender, gray trunk and a dense crown of feathery, arching fronds, this palm adds a touch of elegance to any landscape.
Its moderate growth rate and adaptability to various soil types make it a popular choice for tropical and subtropical gardens, where it can reach heights of up to 40 feet.
59. Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis)
The Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) is native to the tropical rainforests of West and Central Africa, where it has been cultivated for its valuable oil-producing fruits. This palm tree features a tall, single trunk topped with a dense crown of feathery, dark green leaves that provide a striking contrast against the bright red fruit clusters.
With a fast growth rate and a preference for humid, tropical climates, the Oil Palm has become a significant agricultural crop in many countries around the equator.
60. Peach Palm (Bactris gasipaes)
The Peach Palm (Bactris gasipaes) is native to the tropical forests of Central and South America, where it has been cultivated for centuries for its nutritious fruits and edible palm hearts. This versatile palm features a clustering growth habit with multiple slender, spiny trunks adorned with pinnate, dark green leaves.
Reaching heights between 15 and 20 meters, the Peach Palm thrives in humid, tropical environments and is an important staple crop for many indigenous communities.
61. Pigafetta filaris
Pigafetta filaris, also known as the Philippine Wine Palm, is indigenous to the tropical rainforests of the Philippines and Indonesia. This majestic palm boasts a tall, solitary trunk with a distinctive swollen base, topped by a crown of large, fan-shaped leaves that create an impressive canopy.
With its rapid growth rate and preference for moist, tropical climates, Pigafetta filaris is often planted in parks and gardens as a striking focal point or ornamental shade tree.
62. Proctor’s Silver Palm, Cayman Thatch Palm (Coccothrinax proctorii)
Proctor’s Silver Palm, also known as the Cayman Thatch Palm (Coccothrinax proctorii), is endemic to the dry forests of the Cayman Islands in the Caribbean. This slow-growing palm features a slender, single trunk topped with a compact crown of fan-shaped, silver-green leaves that shimmer in the sunlight. Its modest height, typically ranging from 10 to 15 feet, and adaptability to various soil types make it an attractive choice for creating a tropical ambiance in small gardens and landscapes.
63. Puerto Rican Thatch Palm (Coccothrinax alta)
The Puerto Rican Thatch Palm (Coccothrinax alta) is native to the limestone forests and coastal areas of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. This slow-growing palm showcases a slender, solitary trunk crowned with a dense cluster of fan-shaped, bright green leaves that provide natural shade and habitat for various bird species.
Typically reaching heights of 20 to 30 feet, the Puerto Rican Thatch Palm is a popular choice for adding tropical charm to landscapes in subtropical and coastal regions.
64. Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana)
The Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) originates from the subtropical regions of South America, particularly Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay. This elegant palm is characterized by its smooth, gray trunk and a graceful crown of feathery, arching green fronds that sway gently in the breeze.
With a moderate to fast growth rate and a preference for well-draining soil, the Queen Palm can reach heights of up to 50 feet, making it a popular choice for lining streets and adorning gardens in warmer climates.
65. Quindío Wax Palm (Ceroxylon quindiuense)
The Quindío Wax Palm (Ceroxylon quindiuense) is native to the high-altitude cloud forests of the Colombian Andes, where it thrives in cool, moist conditions. This remarkable palm features a slender, wax-coated trunk that can reach heights of up to 200 feet, making it the tallest palm species in the world.
Topped with a crown of dark green, pinnate leaves, the Quindío Wax Palm is not only an iconic symbol of Colombia’s national tree but also a striking centerpiece for large-scale landscaping projects in temperate climates.
66. Real Fan Palm (Hyphaene petersiana)
The Real Fan Palm (Hyphaene petersiana) is native to the arid regions of eastern and southern Africa, where it adapts well to drought-prone environments. This unique palm exhibits a branching growth habit, with its thick trunks often dividing into two or more stems, each adorned with a crown of fan-shaped, blue-gray leaves.
Typically reaching heights of 20 to 30 feet, the Real Fan Palm is valued for its resilience and distinctive appearance, making it an attractive choice for xeriscaping and desert-themed gardens.
67. Red Latan Palm Tree (Latania lontaroides)
The Red Latan Palm Tree (Latania lontaroides) hails from the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean, specifically the island of Réunion.
This slow-growing palm is known for its striking appearance, featuring a stout trunk and a crown of large, fan-shaped leaves that display a vibrant red hue when young, gradually transitioning to blue-green as they mature.
With a typical height of 20 to 30 feet, the Red Latan Palm Tree adds a bold splash of color and tropical flair to gardens and landscapes in warmer climates.
68. San Jose Hesper Palm (Brahea brandegeei)
The San Jose Hesper Palm (Brahea brandegeei) is native to the arid regions of Baja California in Mexico, where it thrives in dry, rocky terrain. This slow-growing palm features a thick, solitary trunk topped with a dense crown of stiff, fan-shaped, blue-gray leaves that lend a stunning visual contrast against the desert landscape.
Reaching heights of up to 30 feet, the San Jose Hesper Palm is a drought-tolerant and frost-hardy species, making it an ideal choice for xeriscaping and creating a striking focal point in desert gardens.
69. Sand Palm (Allagoptera Arenaria)
The Sand Palm (Allagoptera arenaria) is native to the coastal sand dunes of southeastern Brazil, where it thrives in sandy, well-draining soil and salty conditions. This compact palm boasts a clumping growth habit with multiple slender stems, each adorned with a crown of feathery, recurved leaves that create a distinctive, windswept appearance.
Typically reaching heights of 3 to 6 feet, the Sand Palm’s resilience and unique form make it an attractive option for beachfront landscapes and seaside gardens in subtropical and tropical climates.
70. Sugar Palm (Arenga pinnata)
The Sugar Palm (Arenga pinnata) originates from the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia, where it is highly valued for its versatile uses and distinctive appearance. This multi-trunked palm features an array of slender, bamboo-like stems topped with a dense crown of pinnate, dark green leaves that can span up to 20 feet in length.
Growing up to 60 feet tall, the Sugar Palm not only serves as a striking focal point in tropical landscapes but also provides a valuable source of sugar, fibers, and edible fruits in its native regions.
71. Sylvester Palm Tree (Phoenix sylvestris)
The Sylvester Palm Tree (Phoenix sylvestris) is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, where it thrives in a variety of habitats, from grasslands to dry forests. This elegant palm showcases a solitary, robust trunk adorned with a dense crown of gracefully arching, feathery pinnate leaves that extend up to 10 feet in length.
Typically reaching heights of 40 to 50 feet, the Sylvester Palm Tree not only adds a touch of tropical sophistication to landscapes but also serves as a source of palm sugar and fruit in its native regions.
72. Texas Sabal Palm Tree (Sabal mexicana)
The Texas Sabal Palm Tree (Sabal mexicana) is native to the southern United States and northeastern Mexico, where it flourishes in various habitats, including coastal plains, riverbanks, and woodlands.
This hardy palm exhibits a solitary trunk topped with a dense crown of bold, fan-shaped leaves that create an eye-catching, tropical silhouette.
Growing up to 50 feet tall, the Texas Sabal Palm Tree is both cold and drought-tolerant, making it a popular choice for landscaping in warmer climates and an essential habitat component for local wildlife.
73. Traveler’s Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis)
The Traveler’s Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis) is native to the tropical rainforests of Madagascar, where it stands out for its unique and captivating appearance. This plant, which is not a true palm but rather a member of the bird-of-paradise family, features a fan-like arrangement of large, paddle-shaped leaves that can reach up to 10 feet in length.
The Traveler’s Palm typically grows up to 30 feet tall and is often planted as an ornamental focal point in tropical gardens, thanks to its striking, symmetrical form and ability to store water in its leaf base, providing a potential source of hydration for travelers.
74. Triangle Palm (Dypsis decaryi)
The Triangle Palm (Dypsis decaryi) hails from the arid regions of Madagascar, where it has adapted to thrive in well-draining soils and full sunlight.
This eye-catching palm boasts a distinctive triangular-shaped trunk with three sides of leaf bases, giving it its name, and is topped by a crown of gracefully arching, feathery, blue-gray leaves.
Typically reaching heights of 15 to 20 feet, the Triangle Palm’s unique appearance and moderate size make it a popular choice for adding a touch of the exotic to subtropical and tropical gardens.
75. Yellow Latan Palm (Latania verschaffeltii)
The Yellow Latan Palm (Latania verschaffeltii) is native to the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean, where it thrives in the subtropical climate. This rare and striking palm features a solitary, grayish-white trunk topped with a crown of large, fan-shaped leaves that display a stunning silver-blue color with yellow petioles.
Growing up to 40 feet tall, the Yellow Latan Palm’s unique appearance and slow growth rate make it a highly sought-after specimen for collectors and an attractive addition to subtropical and tropical gardens.
Sunset palm trees
Sunsets and palm trees are the images of tropical, island summers. There are millions of sunset palm trees on the net, some are even used as logos of surfing associations, tropical island resorts and on ordinary days, can be downloaded as HD wallpapers for your phone and computers.
The most commonly photographed palm type for sunset palm trees would be coconut palms and feather leaf palms.
Hawaii palm trees
Although Hawaii is the ultimate tropical island paradise, there is only a handful of palm tree species thriving there.
The most popular of them all is still the coconut palms growing tall in the shore stretch of the island. But around the coastlines of Hawaii, there are also bottle palms and traveler’s palms. And in its rainforests, you would find various species of date palms.
Types of palm trees in Florida
Florida, another tropical island paradise for palm trees shelters six major palm types. They are not only picturesque in Florida beaches and coastlines but also in hotels, casinos, and exclusive resorts. The types of palm trees in Florida are:
- Bamboo palm
- Bismarck palm
- Bottle palm
- Christmas palm
- Chinese fan palm tree
- Coconut palm tree
Types of palm trees in California
There is no other state in the US or a place in the world other than the entire Middle East and Asia and the Pacific that reeks of palm all over that California.
So much so that there are more than forty restaurants and food stalls with the name palm on it and the Palm Springs for what it is worth. True to it, there are more than sixty palm trees in California. Some of these would be the following:
- California fan palm (the only native palm of California)
- Washington fan palm
- Pygmy date palm
- Senegal date palm
- Canary Island date palm
- King palm
- Kentia palm
- Pindo palm
- Mediterranean fan palm
- Beach palm
- Alexander palm
- Myola palm
- Formosa palm
Types of palm trees in Arizona
For the Arizona climate, you will need desert thriving palms. They should be highly drought-tolerant, love full sun, and can also tolerate shade and consistent moisture. Here are some types of palm trees for Arizona.
- Date palm
- Canary Island date palm
- Silver date palm
- Senegal date palm
- Pygmy date palm
- Areca palm
- California fan palm
- Mexican fan palm
- Hybrid fan palm
Types of palm trees in North Florida
If you want to go very specific such as knowing what type of palm trees are good for North Florida, here are some that you can consider.
- Lady palm
- Cardboard palm
- Queen palm
- Pindo palm
- Phoenix Sylvestris
- Chinese fan palm
- Canary Island date palm
- King sago palm
- Bismarck palm
Miami palm trees
Another perfect palm region is the cityscape of Miami, again in Florida. Just like California, it reeks of everything palm. If you are wondering what palm trees are mostly found in Miami, here is a list of some of them:
- Royal palm (the tree emblem of Miami)
- Cabbage palm
- Saw palmetto
- Miami palm
- Coconut palm
- Canary Island date palm
- Dwarf palmetto
- Key thatch palm
- Needle palm
- Scrub palm
- Buccaneer palm
- 16 Different Types of Palm Trees in Georgia You’ll Love (With Pictures)
- The 13 Best Types of Palm Trees to Plant in Arizona (Photos)
- 14 Types of Palm Trees in Texas: A Guide to the Most Popular Species
Frequently Asked Questions
Are palm trees native to Hawaii?
Not all palm trees are native to Hawaii. As a matter of fact, there is only one palm species native to Hawaii and that is Loulu palms found in the lush rainforests of Oahu, Honolulu, Kauai, and Big Island.
The coconut palms that are found endemically in Hawaii now were actually brought in by Polynesian voyages in the 17th century.
Where do palm trees originally come from?
There is no one native location of palm trees. But as far as fossil records are concerned, the first palm trees were already native to now Egypt, Asia, and the Pacific from at least 80 million years ago. On a list, here are the native locations of palm trees:
- Asia, Australia, and the Pacific
- Central and South America
- USA and Mexico
Which country has the most palm trees?
The country with the most palm trees is Indonesia and there are logical explanations for this.
One, Indonesia is a tropical country covered with acres and acres of rainforests where native palm trees like coconut palms, fan-shaped palm, and feather-leaf palms are mostly found.
Second, Indonesia is the world’s top producer of palm oil, supplying 44% of our global palm oil needs.
What city has the most palm trees?
The city with the most palm trees is definitely Los Angeles in California. It is home to 136,000 palm trees of different types since its introduction by Spanish missionaries in the 18th century.
Palm Springs alone is already adorned with more than 20,000 palm trees composed mainly of ornamental palms, coconut palms, and date palms.
How long do palm trees live for?
Some palm trees truly have a long life span. On average, palm trees could live for 40years. Some of them have even predetermined life spans. For example, coconut palms could live for 70-80 years. The Mexican palm, the tree emblem of Florida, has the longest known lifespan of 100 years and more.
How much does a full-size palm tree cost?
Depending on the type and species, a full-size palm tree can cost in between $40-2000. Some costly palm trees are the jelly palm, spindle palm, triangle palm, and royal palm, among others. There are outrageous prices too like the Coco de Mer palm tree from Seychelles and the Senegal Date Palm which both cost $10,000.
Related: How Much Do Palm Trees Cost?
Why are palm trees expensive?
Regardless of the type and species, palm trees are generally expensive because it takes time for them to grow. While most of them are not picky when it comes to their growing conditions, they involve a lot, albeit easy, care procedures for the next ten years or so. You will really have to invest in palm trees if you want them to grow beautifully.
What are the benefits of palm trees?
There are a thousand and one benefits that we could associate to palm trees and it will take us more than a day to cover them all so let us present the most immediate and most obvious.
- The edible fruits of palm are superfoods beneficial in regulating sugar levels, avoiding constipation, kidney stones, and skin conditions.
- They are organic but sturdy sources of mat roofing in many Asian and African indigenous communities and furniture material.
- They are the major source of vegan oil which is the palm oil and other raw ingredients for food like palm sugar, pastry ingredients from their fruits, and urinary tract healthy drinks from their juice.
- They provide natural shade and firewood.
How tall is a palm tree?
Again, this one depends on the type of palm tree you are asking for. Bonsai palm trees and indoor types typically have a height range of 2-12ft. In their natural habitat, palm trees normally grow from 20-60ft. The tallest archived palm tree is the Mexican fan palm tree found in the Amazon, currently at 167ft.
We have pretty summed up everything that we should talk about when it comes to palm trees.
From the types, to FAQs, to some interesting facts that you should know about, we have covered them. So between you and your want for palm trees inside your home and in your garden, the only thing to worry about is choosing what type you should be getting. But honestly, you can never go wrong with palm trees. The bulk of information here is enough reason why, right?