What Do Eggs Do In Baking?

Last Updated on February 26, 2023 by Kimberly Crawford

Whether cooking or baking, every ingredient has its taste and purpose; the same goes for eggs. It depends on the ingredients and their reactions that will determine the result of your recipes. However, to know about these interactions and make your recipes successful, you must know the importance of ingredients, such as eggs. 

Eggs play a vital part while preparing a baking mixture; this can enhance your recipe’s taste, texture, flavor, and color. Today we’ll discuss six effects eggs do in baking that can involve almost any recipe

Eggs’ Importance In Baking

According to the Chummysbakery.co.uk secret of delicious brownies and cookies, the bakery’s professionals ensure to add eggs in the most needed ways. However, we have pinpointed some crucial factors that determine why eggs are important in baking: 

  1. Texture: Eggs are important in baking and work as a binding agent. This one ingredient is enough to give your recipes a nice greasy texture. Eggs hold other ingredients properly and help create structure in baked goods. Plus, from a health point of view, egg whites are rich in protein that coagulate when heated, creating a strong structure in the results.
  1. Leavening: Eggs are also helpful in leavening baked goods. When beating the whites of eggs altogether, they create air bubbles, which will expand when heated in the oven. When heated with egg whites and air bubbles, the product helps to plump up cakes and other baked goods and leaves a light plus, airy texture.
  1. Moisture: Eggs are good at locking moisture in baked goods. The moisture they release helps to bake goods and keeps them moist and tender in the long run. That’s why eggs are really important in recipes like bread or cakes to make them moist inside. Missing eggs while baking a cake or bread will leave your product dry and crumby. 
  1. Flavor: Eggs also enhance the flavor of baked goods; they add more richness and depth to everything from custards to cakes or bread. Eggs can enhance the flavor of your recipes; however, follow the recipe correctly. 

Overall, eggs are an important factor always to be noticed while baking; it helps to improve the structure, moisture, flavor, and color of various baked goods. 

Six Effects Eggs Do In Baking

The most important six effects eggs do in baking and what you are missing till now: 

  1. Structure 

Just like gluten, eggs improve the structure of what you are baking. They contain protein coagulate, which works like glue to bind other ingredients together. Eggs also help to provide a shape and form in your recipes, especially cakes, bread, brownies, and more. 

You can use eggs to make pastries or cake flour in the dry ingredients. However, you must add eggs with other ingredients like sugar with proper balancing to avoid toughness in the results. 

  1. Emulsification

Eggs work like a creaming method that helps to provide a blending mixture to add richness and smoothness to other ingredients. Eggs are important for baking cookies and cakes, but temperature also affects your baking. Make sure to add room-temperature eggs to avoid lumps in your mixture. 

Measuring ingredients and following the recipe is important to make the recipe work well. Add one by one egg (if the recipe requires more than one egg), which helps create an emulsion of water and fat; however, these things normally can’t combine.

  1. Leavening

When you beat an egg, the air is naturally incorporated into it. After the air traps in the heated oven, it expands and provides leavening, which creates a fluffier and lighter texture. 

In baking recipes, egg whites are typically used as a leavening agent due to their ease of whipping. However, both yolks and whites are strong enough to create leavening.

  1. Shortening Action

In simple terms, shortening is a fat that adds tenderness and flakiness to foods. The egg fat aids shortening in the baking process and make the baked goods tender from the inside and chewy from the outside.

Even though eggs aren’t necessary for shortening, they are extremely useful when making baked goods containing little solid fat, such as butter. This is why you’ll sometimes see recipes that call for many egg yolks but none for egg whites.

  1. Moisture 

They are a primary source of moisture in baked goods. You can’t skip the basic ingredient if you are making cakes, bread, pastries, brownies, and other baked goods, and that basic ingredient is “Eggs.” 

Eggs play a vital role in locking the moisture of recipes. They can be used as a form of thickening to enhance the texture of the recipe and make it super soft and easy to chew.

  1. Color 

Eggs aren’t just important for enhancing texture, flavor, moisture, leavening, and improving the recipe’s color. For example, when you prepare the cake mixture, you must add eggs (step by step). They improve the richness of your cake and the color. 

The color of delicate and delicious baked goods is often attributed to eggs. Eggs brown quickly, so they help you achieve that golden brown color even if the item is only in the oven for a short period.

The Purpose Of Eggs’ Yolk – full of fat

Eggs’ yolk contains fat; such recipes that use just the eggs’ yolk because of fat content and its emulsifying abilities. The eggs’ yolk fat gives baked goods extra richness and a velvety texture. This also helps bind the liquid ingredients, creating an emulsion factor that saves the recipe’s ingredients from separating.

Recipes using only eggs yolk, including: 

  • Custards, 
  • Pastry cream, 
  • Cakes, 
  • Ice cream, 
  • Creme brulee, 
  • Curds.

The Purpose Of Eggs’ White – create foam

A recipe with egg whites alone performs a completely different role from one with egg yolks alone, especially when they are whipped. Whipping and using egg whites in a recipe is easier than you think.

When you whip egg whites, millions of tiny air bubbles are incorporated within them, creating a fairly stable foam that can use to make anything from souffles to creamy, foamy texture to your desserts. To stabilize egg whites even more, we can add acidic ingredients, such as cream of tartar or a few drops of lemon juice.

Recipes using only eggs’ whites, including: 

  • Meringues, 
  • Pavlova, 
  • Chiffon cakes, 
  • Macarons, 
  • Marshmallows, 
  • Marshmallow fluff, 
  • Frostings.

The Purpose Of Whole Egg – the combination of fat + foam

Using whole eggs in a recipe gives you the advantages of both whites and yolks. Despite not being as good as straight yolks for creating emulsions, whole eggs are still excellent for binding, especially in cookies, cakes, and other baked goods.

The combination of eggs and sugar adds great moisture and flavor to a recipe when used with sugar (such as in a cookie or cake batter).

Recipes using whole eggs, including: 

  • Butter cakes, 
  • Cookies, 
  • Brownies, 
  • Bread doughs, 
  • Waffles, 
  • Pancakes, 
  • Muffins, 
  • Pastries.

You can also add whites and Yolks separately in the same recipe.

Avoid These Mistakes With Eggs While Baking 

These tips will help you avoid some common mistakes made when baking with eggs and achieve the best results:

  1. The use of cold eggs: To prevent baked goods from being dense and heavy, use eggs at room temperature.
  1. Not separating egg whites and yolks properly: Separating egg whites and yolks carefully is very important. Even a tiny bit of yolk in the whites can prevent them from whipping successfully.
  1. Do not overbeat egg whites: Stop whipping egg whites when stiff peaks have formed. Overbeating can produce less stable foam, which will not hold up in batters or doughs.
  1. Do not use expired eggs: You should check the expiration date on your eggs before using them. It is possible to get foodborne illness after using expired eggs in baking.
  1. Measure egg quantity properly: You should measure eggs accurately when baking. Large eggs are traditionally used, but you may have to adjust the quantity if you use smaller or larger eggs.


So, here we have come to an end now!

Now you know the importance of eggs and their effects on baking. Despite the other ingredients, eggs normally contain every factor that helps build your baked goods’ texture, flavor, moisture, and color. They are rich in protein, so they help to plump the recipe further (as you can see, the cakes, while baking, become fluffier in the oven). That’s why eggs are important in baking unless you make a pizza or other sweet dishes. You can use eggs in savory items like pastries, cakes, brownies, crescents, bread, custards, pudding, and even in a mixture of cake flour. So, never miss the simple ingredient in your baking recipes to achieve the desired results!