There are no homes without windows, so we must take these structures seriously. You might think that just because they are thereby default would mean that they are not worth getting to know.
It might be surprising for you but there are more than twenty parts of a window. There are even added parts for different types of windows.
In this post, we will give you a rundown of these various parts and some of the window parts in specific types of windows. If you are here for all of these, read on.
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Parts of a window
All window types have the following parts. It is easy to mix them all up especially that most of them are just tiny parts and they can be easily missed. Some of them are so unknown that most of us do not even know how they function.
To understand the anatomy of the window and to understand how they work and how you will take care of them, here are the parts of a window.
This is considered as the horizontal part of a window frame. It rests on the lintel and is attached to the topmost edge of the window frame and the surrounding wall.
2. Interior Casing
This one is the polished trim that surrounds the frames of the window. Aside from enhancing the finished look of the window, the interior casing also prevents draft and cold air.
3. Head Jamb
It is where the window sash rests. It is located on the uppermost, vertical side of a window frame. Head and side jambs are considered as interior structures of the window frame.
4. Side Jamb
They are vertical strips that connect the sides of a window frame. It comes with a short strip called the jamb liner in which the window sash is placed.
5. Sash Lock
It is basically the lock system installed in either a single or double-hung window. It reduces window-rattling by tapping with the lock strike. The sash is the moveable fixture of the window. It holds the glass panels on the horizontal and vertical frames.
6. Upper Sash
It holds the upper part of the windowpane by being attached to the window’s framework. It basically holds the upper division of the glass panes. The upper sash offers all the natural light a window could let in.
This one is usually located parallel to the window jambs. It is the vertical fitting of the window sash. Both the upper and lower sash have a stile. The stile is located on the sides of the window.
8. Top Rail
It is the upper horizontal section of a window frame or casement.
9. Bottom Rail
It connects the vertical parts of a window frame. It is also considered as the lowest horizontal section of a window frame.
It is a spring-loaded mechanical device used to balance both sash’s weight every time you open or close the window. It is located on the jamb and it is more notable on hung windows.
It is attached to the windowsill. It is also called the bottom horizontal shelf. It is where the windowsill descends. It is also where window plants are positioned.
12. Lower Sash
Like the upper sash, it also holds the windowpane by being attached to the framework, only it is attached on the lower part. It is also called the lower calf of the entire window frame. Unlike the upper sash which provides natural light, the lower sash provides the view outdoor view.
This would be the grooves surrounding the window frame. Its main function is to seal the window from water and debris. A channel is typically made of plastic or rubber.
14. Exterior Sill
It is both decorative and functional. It is located in the external, bottom part of the window frame. It is horizontal in shape and it protects the window from over moisture when it rains or when it is too damp or cold.
It is the raised part of a windowsill. While it is considered as more decorative than functional, the apron actually supports the sill. As a decorative element, it allows us to see what the inside of the home looks like from the outside. It is like an installed moulding.
16. Weep Hole
This is a small opening along the windowsill which allows moisture to escape through. Through this, your windows are protected from locking or it being inoperable.
This one is a protective fitting that keeps the insects from entering the home through the window while still allowing natural light and air to seep through. It is usually a woven mesh made of either fiberglass, metal, or plastic.
18. Window coverings
They are also called window blinds. They are made of either hard or soft fabric materials. They include roller shades, shutters, shades, and all types of window blinds. They could also be curtains, fabric shades, or valances.
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It is a glass panel that opens inwardly and functions for ease of access in the grilles and window shades. The most durable and go-to choice for hinges would be stainless steel. They are not prone to friction and at the same time provide a smoother surface.
Parts of a Casement Window
This is a popular window type for homeowners. It is designed with fiberglass, wood or vinyl. It is opened or closed through a crank. You could overextend it so that you could get more natural air during hot seasons. A casement window is composed of the following parts.
20. Lock Handle
It is located on the window jamb which acts as the lock system of the casement window.
It is operated using a crank device which basically sets casement windows apart from others. It is the one used to open or close a casement window. Most of the time, it is even interchangeable with the crank itself.
It does more of a decorative function to the window system. It is the frame or mold of a window. It covers the spaces between the window frame and the wall. The casement is used more in sliding windows because they offer greater insulation.
A fanlight can be installed in a door or window. It is like a tiny window whose main function is to give greater ventilation for the entire room when you open it.
This one works as a window divider. It horizontally divides the upper part of the window from its lower part. So if you only need the window half-opened, you have the transom to pull.
It is labeled as non-toxic gas used as an insulating component for glass. It functions to reduce heat, UV and to keep your home cooler even during hot months.
26. Aluminum Clad
It is an exterior wood part that is polished with aluminum. It has a glossy, smooth finish to be protected from harmful outdoor elements.
27. Weather Stripping
It is made of a durable material used to cover the space between the sash and the window frame to prevent water or air leaks to seep through the window. On top of it, it adds more insulation to the room. As a watertight seal, it is usually made of metal, vinyl felt, or rubber.
Parts of a double-hung window with circle head
Circle heads are usually done to provide more natural light in home offices, closets, staircases, and other entryways in the home or a building. If you are working with customized double-hung windows like those with circle heads, these are the three parts that you should know about.
28. Fixed Panel
As the term implies, it is the structure of the window that cannot be operated. It is likable to a glass pane of a picture window.
These are decorative fittings that divide the window panels. They can be fixed, removable, or installed between the glass.
Parts of window glass
Window glass is essentially the sheet of glass cut and designed to fit the window frame. It is also called glazing. Window glass can be tinted, insulated, or thickened. You can generally control the amount of light and air that comes in through the window depending on the window glass that you install.
The windowpane would be the sheets of glass inserted within the window frame. They could be designed as single or double pane, made of glass or other ornate materials. They can be insulated by applying the surface with argon.
It is considered a major structural part of a window. It can either run horizontally or vertically. It works by combining the two window panels together. Unlike the transom, the mullion is basically the vertical separator of two parts of the window.
This one would be the fitting in between adjacent planes which creates the grid pattern in a window frame. It is a long strip usually made of wood, steel, or metal. It is also called the glazing bar.
33. Window Film
This one is a thin laminate film spread over the window glass. It acts like a tint or insulator to control heat and airflow. It also serves as a barrier to limit the UV light which enters the room.
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Parts of a window frame
It is the exterior area of the window and it is also called the window casing. The window frame is one of the two major structures that compose the window. The other structure is called the sash. Window frames are mostly made of wood, vinyl, fiberglass, and aluminum.
Related: Exterior window trim ideas and designs
34. Air Latch
It is the movable latch that keeps the window open regardless of the angle it is opened on. It is typically attached to the meeting rail when using a double-hung window.
It is in the stile of a casement window and it is positioned in the bottom rail of an awning window. It also helps the weatherstripping by adding another layer where moisture and too much air could be blocked.
35. Aluminum Bracket
Its job is to offset the window away from the wall through a bracket system. It is made of aluminum.
36. Glass Sealant
It is a protective coating usually applied to the glass panes for it to remain clean and dry. It is a silicon-based product and when applied, it could be foam, liquid, or gel.
37. Hollow Glass
This is basically the windowpane.
This is the glass sheet cut and inserted in a windowpane.
It keeps the windowpanes apart through an aluminum glass sealed in between two other glass panels.
40. Meeting Rail
This is where the two sashes literally meet when the windows are closed.
41. Sloped Sill
It is one of the window’s exterior parts. It is strategically sloped down so that water could easily runoff.
42. Drain Hole
It is where the water and other fluids flow. It is a small metal channel attached to the frame.
43. Lift Rail
This is the handle that you lift for you to open or close the window. It is usually found in wood and single and double-hung windows.
44. Lower Sash
It holds the windowpane by being attached to the lower part of the window frame.
45. Bottom Rail
It connects the vertical parts of a window frame. It is the lowest horizontal section of a window frame.
This is the support structure of the whole window. It makes up the entire window’s parameters.
Windows are more complex than how you conceive them to be. Of course, there are default parts of a window. These would be the sections that are found in all types of window systems.
On the other hand, there are specific parts that could only be found in specific types of windows. Some have seemingly overlapping functions and it is important that you know the similarities and differences of these parts.
At some point, you will have to know how each one works and where to find them. Renovations are always on the loose and if you ever switch up your window design, knowing all of its parts may come in handy.