350+ Different Types Of Flowers With Names, Meaning and Pictures (Flower Categories)

There are more to flowers than just being classified in terms of colors, when to use them, what to use them for and when they bloom.

If you really want to get a full grasp of everything, you have to understand the different types of flowers and some of their classifications. If you are interested to know them all, read on because we covered everything for you. 

In this article:

What are monocots?

Monocots and dicots are differentiated mainly from the number seed leaves they have on the first bloom. Hence, in simple terms, a monocot has only one cotyledon in its seed. This plant classification mostly includes bulbs like garlic, onion, tulips, daffodils, lilies and even orchids.

What are dicots?

On the other hand, as the term implies, dicots have two cotyledons in their seeds. Dicot plants would include roses, daisies, the aster family and some popular fruits and vegetables such as carrots, peaches, apples and cabbage. 

Monocots vs dicots

These are the two major classifications of flowering plants. Aside from what is already mentioned, we can differentiate them further in terms of their most distinct individual characteristics. 

Characteristic Monocot Dicot
Petals and stamens Multiples of three Multiples of 4 or 5
Leaf veins Parallel Branching
Roots Fibrous Tap
Type Herbaceous Herbaceous/woody

 

Classification of flowers

If you would really put your heart to it, flowers come in many classifications. Aside from colors or alphabetizing them in order there are also birth flowers, flowers of the month and their symbolic meaning by color or in terms of season and a lot more.

It is not just extremely fascinating to classify flowers, it will also come in handy for landscaping, stem cutting and more. 

Flowers by Alphabet

Of course, we will not be able to squeeze them all in here because there are hundreds of thousands. There are two types of alphabetizing flowers and if you want to list your favorite flowers in alphabetical order, you have to key in either their common names or their scientific names. For alphabetized flower names with images, you can check out.

  • Flowers That Start With A
  • Flowers That Start With B
  • Flowers That Start With C
  • Flowers That Start With D
  • Flowers That Start With E
  • Flowers That Start With F
  • Flowers That Start With G
  • Flowers That Start With H
  • Flowers That Start With I
  • Flowers That Start With K
  • Flowers That Start With L
  • Flowers That Start With M
  • Flowers That Start With N
  • Flowers That Start With O
  • Flowers That Start With P
  • Flowers That Start With Q
  • Flowers That Start With R
  • Flowers That Start With S
  • Flowers That Start With T
  • Flowers That Start With U
  • Flowers That Start With V
  • Flowers That Start With W
  • Flowers That Start With X
  • Flowers That Start With Y
  • Flowers That Start With Z

Flowers By color

Another way of classifying flowers is in terms of color. Each colored flower would have its specific symbolic meaning. Most of the time, some flowers would have multiple color sets. And of course, there are flowers with very rare colors.

Purple

These flowers are associated with dignity, nobility, royalty and wisdom. Some famous purple flowers are lavender, catnip, salvia, anemone, indigos, purple heaths, China aster and wild hyacinth. 

Read more types of purple flowers

Blue

This flower color is rare. Blue flowers are symbolically associated with peace and tranquility. Famous blue flowers would be cornflower, hydrangea, periwinkle, forget-me-nots, Brunnera, grape hyacinth and morning glory. 

Read more: 50+ Types of blue flowers

Yellow

Yellow flowers are symbolically known to evoke joy, innocence and devotion, among others. They often have white contrasts/tinges. The most known yellow flowers are marigold (tagetes), calla lily, yellow rose, yellow tulips, daffodils, yellow carnations and Gerbera daisies. 

Pink

This flower color is typically found in spring gardens, in vases at home and most especially in weddings. Popular pink flowers are azaleas, pink roses, pink carnation, chrysanthemum, dahlias and peonies

White

White flowers are symbols of perfection, divinity, innocence, peace and rebirth. They are seen in arrangements and vases for all types of occasions. Famous white flowers are white roses, scabiosa, wisteria, lilies, magnolias, jasmine, white tulips, daisies and white hydrangea. 

Red

This one is a symbol of passion, love, affection and romance. There are a lot of naturally red flowers but there are more cultivars. Well-known red flowers are alstroemeria, red roses, red tulips, red Gerberas, red dahlias, hibiscus and perennial geranium. 

Orange

These flowers always spruce up any spring or summer garden. They represent euphoria, enthusiasm, excitement and bravery. It includes begonia, birds of paradise, chrysanthemums, orange tulips, iris, ranunculus, cosmos, zinnia and California poppy. 

Read more: Types of orange flowers

Green

Of course, there are uniquely green-colored flowers and needless to say, they are very rare. Lined up on this color type would be Bells of Ireland, Hellebores, green roses, chrysanthemums, spider mums and green scabiosa. 

Black

Albeit its ominous appearance, black flowers are beautiful additions in arrangements. They represent both farewell and rebirth. Some flowers with black variants are roses, dahlias, Hellebores, pansy, calla lily, tulips and petunia. 

Black and white

While there are no known black and white flowers, there are flowers with black and white cultivars such as roses, calla lilies, carnation, daisy, orchids, camelia and hibiscus. 

Brown flowers

Some popular flowers also have brown variations. This flower color is associated with stability, preservation and warmth. Flowers with brown variants are pansies, bearded iris, columbines, daylilies, dahlia and oriental poppy. 

 


National flowers

Because flowers are essentially symbolic and have their respective native locations, they are also classified in terms of the nations they represent. Here are some of them. 

Chinese flowers

Aside from its national flower plum blossoms, there are other flowers that are native, popular and are regional flowers in China. These Chinese flowers are: peonies, chrysanthemums, orchids, Chinese rose (Queen of Flowers), camellia, azalea, lotus, Osmanthus and narcissus, gardenia and annual aster. 

Africa flowers

The national flower of Africa is King Protea or also known as King Sugar Bush. Aside from this, Africa is also known to be the native location of 90 flowers and counting. The most popular of these flowers are: satin flower, yellow bush lily, amaryllis belladonna, pilgrim’s rest, birds of paradise, adenium, fire lily, cape daisy and calla lily. 

Japan

Japan’s national flower is not cherry blossoms, contrary to popular belief. It is actually the 16-petaled chrysanthemum or also known as the imperial flower in Japan. Other popular and native flowers in Japan are camellia, daffodil, wisteria, plum blossom, red spider lily, sweet pea, sunflower and of course, the sakura (cherry blossoms). 

 


Seasonal flowers

Classifying flowers in terms of when they bloom is handy in landscaping. Here is a rundown of the kinds of flowers whose blooming peaks are in the following seasons. Note that we will use NH for the northern hemisphere and SH for southern hemisphere bloom times. 

Spring

Starting from March to June (NH) September to November (SH), famous spring flowers are: snapdragon, African daisy, dianthus, pansy, alyssum, freesia, agapanthus, calla lily, cornflower, phlox, amaryllis, rose, stargazer, tulip, poppy and more. 

Summer

Blooming from June (NH) and December (SH), summer flowers are composed of: marigold, geranium, vinca, zinnia, impatiens, cornflower, heaths, hydrangea, dahlia, cosmos, lilac, gardenia and carnation. 

Fall

Autumn starts in September (NH) and March in (SH). Flowers blooming through this season would be: begonia, petunia, nasturtium, celosia, calendula, amaranthus, baby’s breath, iris, juniper and Asiatic lily. 

Winter

There are also cold-hardy flowers whose blooming peak starts in December (NH) and June (SH). These flowers are: primrose, sweet pea, stock, flowering kale, carnation, alstroemeria, Star of Bethlehem, Gerbera daisy, Christmas cactus and protea. 

 


State flowers

Each state of each region in all countries of the world have their own state flowers. For this section, we will particularly look at the state of Hawaii. 

#1. Alabama

Adder’s Mouth Orchid (Malaxis unifolia) Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia) New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
Barren Strawberry (Geum donianum) Camellia Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)
Oxeye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) Dogwood (Cornus foemina) Evening Primrose (Oenothera speciosa)
Fairybells (Prosartes maculata) False Foxglove (Agalinis tenuifolia) Cutleaf Geranium (Geranium dissectum)
Hawkweed (Hieracium venosum) Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) Iris (Iris prismatica)
Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) Knapweed (Centaurea cyanus) Larkspur (Delphinium tricorne)
Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) Morning Glory (Calystegia sepium) Onion (Allium cernuum)
Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata) Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum)
Rose (Rosa multiflora) Sage (Salvia urticifolia) Sunflower (Helianthus angustifolius)
Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) Touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis) Umbrellaleaf (Diphylleia cymosa)
Violet (Viola pedata) Wood Sorrel (Oxalis violacea) Oakleaf Hydrangea
Yellow Loosestrife (Lysimachia tonsa)    

#2. Alaska

Alaskan Monkshood (Aconitum delphiniifolium) Bog Laurel (Kalmia polifolia) Bog Rosemary (Andromeda polifolia)
Chocolate Lily (Fritillaria camschatcensis) Common Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia) Deerberry (Maianthemum dilatatum)
Dwarf Fireweed (Epilobium latifolium) Forget-me-not (Myosotis alpestris) Monkey Flower (Mimulus guttatus)
Nootka Lupine (Lupinus nootkatensis) Northern Gernanium (Geranium erianthum) Northern Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia palustris)
Northern Yarrow (Achillea borealis) Pond Lily (Nuphar lutea ssp. Polysepala) Prickly Rose (Rosa acicularis)
Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) Scarlet Paintbrush (Castilleja miniata) Small-flowered Paintbrush (Castilleja parviflora)
Thimbleberry (Rubus perviflorus) Twin Flower (Linnaea borealis) Villous Cinquefoil (Potentilla villosa)
Western Columbine (Aquilegia Formosa) Whorled Lousewort (Pedcuaris verticillata) Wild Iris (Iris setosa)

#3. Arkansas

Apple Blossom Bird’s Foot Violet (Viola pedata) Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) Carolina Larkspur (Delphinum carolinium) Downy Phlox (Phlox pilosa)
Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja coccinea) Mexican Hat (Ratibida columnifera)
Ohio Spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis) Ox-eye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) Pale Purple Coneflower (Echinacea Pallida)
Plains Coreopsis (Coreopsis tinctoria) Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carota)
Rose Vervain (Glandularia canadensis) Showy Evening Primrose (Oenothera speciosa) Spider Lily (Hymenoeallis caroliniana)
Tickseed (Bidens aristosa) Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)  

#4. Arizona

Adenium African Daisies Ageratum
Angelonia Aster Bee Balm
Bigelow’s Purple Aster Black-Eyed Susan Blue Salvia
Bougainvillea Bower Vines Calendula
Carnation Celosia Clarkia
Coleus Coreopsis Cornflower
Cosmos (Orange) Dahlia Delphinium
Dianthus Echinacea English Daisy
Flax Forget-Me-Not Four O’Clock
Foxglove Gaillardia Gazania
Geranium Globe Amaranth Globe Mallow
Golden Fleece Gomphrena Hibiscus
Hollyhock Honeysuckle Ipomea Sweet Potato Vine
Johnny-Jump Up Lantana Larkspur
Linaria Lisianthus Lobelia
Lupine Marigold Mediteranean Vinca
Mexican Hat Nasturtium Nierembergia
Ornamental Cabbage Painted Daisy Pansy
Pentas Petunia Phlox
Pincushion Flower Poppy Portulaca
Purple Coneflower Purslane Queen Anne’s Lace
Red Salvia Shasta Daisy Snapdragon
Stock Sunflower Sweet Alyssum
Sweet Pea Tangerine Beauty Crossvine Verbena
Vinca Zinnia  

#5. California

Alkali Mallow (Malvella leprosa) Baby Blue Eyes (Nemophila menziesii) Blue Elderberry (Sambucus nigra)
Bush Poppy (Dendromecon rigida) Bush Sunflower (Encelia californica) California Blackberry (BushRubus ursinus)
California Buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum) California Buttercup (Ranunculus californicus) California Checkerbloom (Sidalcea malviflora subsp. californica)
California Hedge Nettle (Stachys bullata) California Hummingbird Sage (Salvia spathacea) California Loosestrife (Lythrum californicum)
California Peony (Paeonia californica) California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica) California Suncup (Dendromecon rigida)
Catalina Mariposa Lily (Calochortus catalinae) Chamise (Adenostoma fasciculatum) Chia (Salvia columbariae)
Chinese-Houses (Collinsia heterophylla) Cliff Malacothrix (Malacothrix saxatilis) Common Goldenstar (Bloomeria crocea)
Common Goldfields (Lasthenia californica) Deerweed (Acmispon glaber) Elegant Clarkia (Clarkia unguiculata)
Fairy Lantern (Calochortus albus) Fiesta (Pholistoma auritum) Fringed Indian Pink (Silene laciniata)
Golden Yarrow (Eriophyllum confertiflorum) Hairy-Leaf Ceanothus (Ceanothus oliganthus) Heartleaf Penstemon (Keckiella cordifolia)
HollyLeafed Cherry (Prunus ilicifolia) Hooker’s Evening Primrose (Oenothera elate subsp. Hookeri) Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja affinis)
Jimson Weed (Datura wrightii) Johnny Jump Up (Viola pedunculata) Liveforever (Dudleya cymosa)
Lupine (Lupinus spp.) Mule Fat (Baccharis salicifolia) Mustard Evening Primrose (Eulobus californicus)
Narrowleaf Milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis) Pacific Sanicle (Sanicula crassicaulis) Popcornflower (Plagiobothrys collinus)
Prickly Phlox (Leptodactylon californicum) Punch Bowl Godetia (Clarkia bottae) Scarlet Bugler (Penstemon centranthifolius)
Sticky Monkeyflower (Mimulus aurantiacus) Sticky Phacelia (Phacelia viscida var. albiflora) Stinging Lupine (Lupinus hirsutissimus)
Sugar Bush (Rhus ovata) Tarweed (Deinandra fasciculata) Tidy Tips (Layia platyglossa)
Turkish Rugging (Chorizanthe staticoides) Twining Snapdragon (Antirrhinum kelloggii) Western Blue-Eyed-Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum)
Western Goldenrod (Euthamia occidentalis) Western Virgin’s Bower (Clematis ligusticifolia) Whispering Bells (Emmenanthe penduliflora)
Wild Cucumber (Marah spp.) Wild Morning Glory (Calystegia macrostegia) Wishbone Bush (Mirabilis laevis)

#6. Colorado

Calla Lily Clematis Coral Bells
Corsican Violet Dahlia Daylily
Echinacea ‘Cheyenne Spirit’ Four o’clock Gaillardia Aristata ‘Blanket Flower’
Geranium ‘Rozanne’ Gladiola Leadwort
Lungwort Lupine ‘Gallery Mix’ Marigold
Pansy Perovskia ‘Russian Sage’ Poppy ‘Spring Fever Mix’
Rocky Mountain Columbine Salvia ‘May Night’ Sedum ‘Tapestry Carpet’
Sunflower Zinnia  

#7. Connecticut

Blue-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago caesia) Butterfly Weed (Asclepias) Common witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
Daylilies Eastern purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)
Goldenrod (Solidago) Hawthorn (Crataegus viridis) Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium maculatum)
Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae) Pansies
Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) Trumpet honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)
Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)    

#8. Delaware

Blue Mistflower (Conoclinium Coelestinum) Blue Star (Amsonia Tabernaemontana) Bushy Asters (Aster Dumosus)
Canadian Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) Fireweed (Chamaenerion Angustifolium) Fourleaf Milkweed (Asclepias Quadrifolia)
Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus Tuberosus) Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium Fistulosum) Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne Calyculata)
Gayfeather (Liatris Spicata) Liverleaf (Hepatica Nobilis) Marsh Marigold (Caltha Palustris)
Mexican Prickly Poppy (Argemone Mexicana) Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis Margaritacea) Seashore Mallow (Kosteletzkya Virginica)
Shrubby St. John’s Wort (Hypericum Prolificum) Spotted Cranesbill (Geranium Maculatum) Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias Incarnata)
Thimbleweed (Anemone Virginiana) Tickseed (Coreopsis Tinctoria) Trumpet Vine (Campsis Radicans)
White Baneberry (Actaea pachypoda) White Snakeroot (Ageratina Altissima) White Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium)
Wild Lupine (Lupinus Perennis)    

#9. Florida

Alligatorlily (Hymenocallis Palmeri) Beach Sunflower (Helianthus Debilis) Blanket Flower (Gaillardia Pulchella)
Blue Salvia Bolivian Sunset (Gloxinia Sylvatica) Butterfly Weed (Asclepias Tuberosa)
Common Purslane Coral Bells (Heuchera) Dwarf morning glory (Evolvulus)
Firespike Florida Sweetheart (Caladium Bicolor) Gerbera Daisy
Hibiscus Lantana Lavender
Leavenworth Tickseed (Coreopsis Leavenworthii) Mexican Heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia) Pentas
Periwinkle (Vinca) Plumbago Prickly Poppy (Argemone Albiflora)
Purple Coneflower (Echinacea Purpurea) Skyblue Clustervine (Jacquemontia Pentanthos) Sunshine Mimosa (Mimosa Strigillosa)
West Indian Jasmine (Ixora)    

#10. Georgia

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia spp.) Bloodflower (Asclepias Curassavica) Cardinal (Lobelia Cardinalis)
Coreopsis (Coreopsis Spp.) Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus) Cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus)
Dahlias Fleabane (Erigeron speciosus) Gaillardia (Gaillardia species)
Gerbera Daisy Roses Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum species)
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Tithonia (Tithonia rotundifolia) Verbena
Yarrow (Achillea species) Zinnias  

#11. Hawaii

The state flower of Hawaii is the yellow hibiscus known in the vernacular as pua mao hau hele. Other flowers representing specific islands in Hawaii would be: plumeria, bird of paradise, jasmine, lehua flower and naupaka. 

#12. Idaho

Buttercup (Ranunculus spp.) Fairy Slipper (Calypso bulbosa) Fairybells (Disporum trachycarpum)
Honeysuckle (Lonicera ciliosa) Pink buttercup (Oxalis adenophylla) Pussytoes (Antennaria dioica)
Queen’s Cup (Clintonia uniflora) Rock cress (Arabis caucasica) Trillium (Trillium ovatum)
Yellowbell (Fritillaria pudica)    

#13. Illinois

Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorous) Blanket Flower (Galardia x grandiflora) Carpathian Harebell (Campanula carpatica)
Columbine (Aquilegia x hybrida) Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Globe Thistle (Echinops ritro)
Maiden Pink (Dianthus deltoides) Rose Mallow (Hibiscus mosheutos)  

#14. Indiana

Autumn joy stonecrop (Hylotelephium Herbstfreude) Autumn Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale) Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
Blue False Indigo (Baptisia australis) Blue Flag Iris (Iris virginica shrevei) Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata)
Blue-stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum) Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) Coral bells (Heuchera)
Culver’s Root (Veronicastrum virginicum) Dense Blazing Star (Liatris spicata) False Sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides)
Fire Pink (Silene virginica) Goat’s Beard (Aruncus dioicus) Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
Green-Headed Coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata) Grey Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis) Marsh Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae) Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) Queen-of-the-Prairie (Filipendula rubra)
Royal Catchfly (Silene regia) Short’s Aster (Aster shortii) Smooth Aster (Aster laevis)
Spotted Joe-Pye-Weed (Eupatorium maculatum) Stiff Goldenrod (Solidago rigida) Summer Phlox (Phlox paniculata)
Sweet Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia subtomentosa) Sweet Joe-Pye-Weed (Eupatorium purpureum) Tall Coreopsis (Coreopsis tripteris)
Violet Lespedeza (Lespedeza violacea) Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica) Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)

#15. Iowa

Wild rose

#16. Kansas

Wild native sunflower

#17. Kentucky

Goldenrods (Solidago)

#18. Louisiana

Louisiana Iris

#19. Maine

White Pine Cone and Tassel

White Pine Cone and Tassel

#20. Maryland

Black-Eyed Susan

#21. Massachusetts

Mayflower

#22. Michigan

Apple Blossom

#23. Minnesota

Pink & White Lady Slipper

Pink & White Lady Slipper

#24. Mississippi

Coreopsis

#25. Missouri

Hawthorn

#26. Montana

Bitterroot

#27. Nebraska

Goldenrod

#28. Nevada

Sagebrush

#29. New Hampshire

Purple lilac

#30. New Jersey

Violet

#31. New Mexico

Yucca

#32. New York

Rose

#33. North Carolina

Carolina Lily

#34. North Dakota

Wild Prairie Rose

#35. Ohio

Red Carnation

#36. Oklahoma

Idian blanket

#37. Oregon

Oregon Grape

Oregon Grape

#38. Pennsylvania

Penngift Crownvetch

Penngift Crownvetch

#39. Rhode Island

Violet

#40. South Carolina

Yellow Jessamine

#41. South Dakota

American Pasque

#42. Tennessee

Iris

#43. Texas

Bluebonnet

#44. Utah

Sego Lily

#45. Vermont

Red clover

#46. Virginia

American Dogwood

#47. Washington

Coast Rhododendron

#48. West Virginia

Rhododendron

#49. Wisconsin

Wood Violet

#50. Wyoming

Idian PaintBrush


Birth month flowers

If there are zodiacs and birthstones, there are also birth month flowers. If you ever think of giving flowers as birthday gifts (for a change), here is a list of what you can choose from depending on birth months. 

January

For January born, carnations and snowdrops are their birth flowers. They represent rebirth, love, hope and admiration. 

February

The month of love is best represented by primrose and violets. They stand for young love, faithfulness and modesty. 

March

Those born in the first month of spring have daffodils as their birth month flower. It represents fortune, prosperity and new beginnings. 

April

Symbolically associated with innocence, pleasure and bliss, April borns have the daisy and sweet pea as their birth month flowers. 

May

The blooming peak of most spring flowers, the birth month flowers of May borns are Lily of the Valley and Hawthorn. They represent hope and motherhood. 

June

June people have rose and honeysuckle as their birth month flowers. Both represent passion, romance and happiness. 

July

For July borns, their flowers are water lily and larkspur which represent purity, positivity and dignity. 

August

Early fall babies have poppy and gladiolus as their birth month flowers. They represent creativity, imagination and having a strong character. 

September

September borns have morning glory and aster as their official birth month flowers. They signify love, morality and undying affection. 

October

Entering into the colder months, October borns have marigold and cosmos as birth month flowers. These ones represent passion, creativity and peace. 

November

People born in November are represented by chrysanthemums. This flower signifies honesty and loyalty. 

December

Winter babies have hollies and narcissus as their birth month flowers. They represent abundance, wealth, hope and are also symbols of protection. 

 


 

Tropical flowers

Aside from having more color selections, tropical flowers bring other certain upsides to the garden such as more fragrance, bigger flowers and attract more butterflies in the garden. Famous tropical flowers are: 

  • Hibiscus
  • Bromeliad
  • Clivia
  • Chenille
  • Orchid
  • Jasmine
  • Pagoda jewel
  • Protea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Anthurium
  • Canna
  • Angel’s trumpet

Perennial flowers

These are flowers that bloom constantly for more than two years (in contrast with annuals and biennials). They are practically small flowering plants whose blooming peak is from summer to spring. Here are some perennial flowers that you can plant: 

  • Achillea
  • Bellflower
  • Centranthus
  • Tickseed
  • Dianthus
  • Fringed bleeding heart
  • Coneflower
  • Blanket flower
  • Red hot poker
  • Blazing star
  • Catmint
  • Scabiosa
  • Sedum
  • Spikewell
  • Spiderwort

Edible flowers

Note that not all flowers are edible but there are some ornamentals that will not just give a burst of color into your garden but can also have health benefits when added to food. Here are some flowers which you can plant for an edible garden. 

Medicinal flowers

As the term implies, medicinal flowers are known for their interesting medicinal profile. Some of them have been archived from as early as 2,000 years ago and are used both in traditional medicine and are incorporated in new pharmaceutical drugs until now. Here are some of these medicinal flowers:

  • Angelica flower
  • Begonia 
  • Common daisy
  • Black cohosh
  • Blood flower
  • Blue lobelia
  • Calendula
  • California poppy
  • Carnation
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Cornflower
  • Foxglove
  • Gardenia
  • Jasmine
  • Herbal flowers (lavender, chamomile)
  • Lilac
  • Passion flower
  • Rose
  • Snapdragon
  • Sunflower 

Annual flowers

As the term implies, annual flowers only bloom once a year and because of this, they cannot develop strong and extensive roots. It is also because of this reason that annual flowers to be planted should be chosen carefully. Here are some of them: 

  • Amaranthus
  • Celosia
  • Spider flower
  • Cosmos
  • Cupflower
  • Cypress vine
  • Marigold
  • Lantana
  • Mexican sunflower
  • Verbena
  • Zinnia
  • Floss flower
  • Tithonia

Wild flowers

Technically, wild flowers are the source of most hybrids and cultivars. They grow and bloom on their own and are not intentionally seeded or planted. Most of them have large blooms and with notable fragrance. Some of these are: 

  • Agave
  • African daisy
  • Bird cherry
  • Celandine
  • Coneflower
  • Dog violet
  • Drummond phlox
  • Fivespot
  • Foxgloves
  • Gold yarrow
  • Poppies
  • Blue sage
  • Primrose
  • Rose angel
  • Snowdrop
  • Wallflower
  • Daisy
  • Winecup

Exotic flowers

These flowers add a more rustic, soulful vibe to any garden or flower arrangement. They are in between wild and tropical flowers and here’s some of them: 

Desert flowers

These ones are used in xeriscapes because they are drought-tolerant flowers who love being under the sun for extended hours. If you happen to live in hotter climates, here are the flowers that you should plant: 

  • Lupine
  • Poppies
  • Penstemon
  • Mallow
  • Desert marigold
  • African iris
  • Alyssum
  • Butterfly bush
  • Evening primrose
  • Lantana
  • Yarrow
  • Rugosa rose
  • Flowering cacti

Ground cover flowers

Blanketing an area with flowering plants may be more expensive at installation but they will be cheaper to maintain in the long run. Here are some of the best ground cover flowers that you should check out: 

  • Creeping phlox
  • Candytuft
  • Ice plant
  • Woodruff
  • Alyssum
  • Liriope
  • Periwinkle
  • Thyme
  • Cotoneaster
  • Dragon’s blood
  • Sedum
  • Bugleweed
  • Climbing hydrangea
  • Snow-in-summer
  • Wild violet

Frost flowers

These ones are formed when thin layers of ice are pushed from the stems or leaves of plants. They create a blanket of white sap surrounding the flowers in the early mornings of colder seasons. Some plants that create frost flowers are: 

  • Crownbeard
  • Ironweed
  • Dittany
  • Stinkweed
  • Frostweed

Flowers safe for cats

As beautiful as they may seem, not all flowers are feline friendly. Here are some flowers that you should avoid if you have pet cats around: 

  • Lily of the valley
  • Wisteria
  • Lantana
  • Lilies
  • Hydrangea
  • Foxglove
  • Oleander
  • Azalea
  • Monkshood
  • Mountain laurel
  • Fall crocus
  • Angel’s trumpet

Flowers for shade

If you live in locations where there is more shade than sun, there are only a set of flowers which you could choose to plant. Here are some shade flowers for you to consider: 

  • Coral bells
  • Hydrangea
  • Impatiens
  • Astilbe
  • Bleeding heart
  • Rhododendron
  • Pansy
  • Lungwort
  • Fuchsia
  • Begonia

Poisonous flowers

These flowers can be harmful for animals and human beings, alike. Some of them can even be deadly when touched or ingested. Here are some poisonous flowers that you should be wary of: 

  • Chinese lanterns
  • Bittersweet nightshade
  • Foxglove
  • Mountain laurel
  • Easter lily
  • Lantana
  • Tansy
  • Bloodroot
  • Calla lily
  • Daffodil
  • Hydrangea
  • Iris
  • Larkspur
  • Morning glory
  • Naked lady
  • Monkshood
  • Peruvian lily

Flowers for bees

If you want to attract bees in your garden, here are some of the flowering plants that will surely keep them coming.

  • Anise hyssop
  • Aster
  • Black-eyed Susan
  • Lilac
  • Clover
  • Cotoneaster
  • English lavender
  • Globe thistle
  • Solidago
  • Lupine
  • Penstemon
  • Purple coneflower
  • Sage
  • Scorpion weed
  • Sedum sunflower
  • Wallflower
  • Zinnia

Conclusion

Now that we have covered several types of flowers, you will have a wider range of flower choices for different reasons, occasions and landscaping functions. Aside from that, you can now make better choices when it comes to ground cover flowers, sending flowers for birthdays and in developing a flower theme for each season.

References:

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