What is the Meaning of Baby’s Breath Flowers? Symbolic Significance & More

Last Updated on July 12, 2023 by Kimberly Crawford

Baby’s Breath Flower, scientifically known as Gypsophila paniculata, is a perennial plant native to Europe and Asia. It belongs to the Pink (Caryophyllaceae) family and is recognized for its distinct, multi-branched structure that can grow up to 3 feet tall. The plant often appears globe-like due to the profusion of small flowers that blanket its thin branches.

The tiny flowers of Baby’s Breath are typically white or pink, emitting a light, sweet fragrance. They bloom from summer to fall and are usually found in open, sandy areas, including fields, roadsides, and beaches. The plant thrives in dry sandy or gravelly soil, under full sun, and in areas that are not strongly acidic.

One interesting characteristic of Baby’s Breath is its affinity for gypsum, a mineral after which it was named (Gypsophila translates to “gypsum lover”). Its capacity to flourish in areas with substantial gypsum deposits showcases its adaptability.

In addition to its aesthetic appeal, Baby’s Breath has become strongly associated with certain feelings and occasions. It’s a common ornamental flower featured in wedding bouquets and centerpieces, symbolizing everlasting love and innocence.

Historical Background of Baby’s Breath Flower

baby breah flower

The Baby’s Breath flower, known scientifically as Gypsophila, has a rich historical background that spans various continents. The plant is originally native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

It made its way to America as early as 1828 and was quickly embraced by Victorian gardeners who appreciated its delicate appearance and resilience in various soil types.

In terms of cultural significance, Baby’s Breath holds a special place in different societies. In the Victorian era, it symbolized innocence and purity. Some say it was a part of the Victorian language of flowers and represented everlasting love, making it a popular choice for wedding bouquets and centerpieces.

In Eastern Europe, where the plant is originally from, it grows in sandy, dry soil, and has been used traditionally for its medicinal properties. For example, some cultures used it as a treatment for skin conditions, while others utilized it for its diuretic effects.

In modern times, Baby’s Breath has become synonymous with expressions of love and affection. Its presence in bouquets and floral arrangements extends beyond weddings to other special occasions such as anniversaries, birthdays, and even funerals.

The versatility of Baby’s Breath and its ability to blend with other flowers while enhancing their beauty has solidified its role as a staple in floristry worldwide.

Despite its delicate and unassuming appearance, Baby’s Breath’s resilience and adaptability mirror the endurance of love, further reinforcing its symbolic association with everlasting love and innocence.

Symbolic Meanings of Baby’s Breath Flower

babys breath meaning

The Baby’s Breath Flower carries several symbolic meanings, each adding a layer of depth to this delicate and versatile flower. Here are some of the most notable interpretations:

  1. Innocence and Purity: One of the primary meanings associated with Baby’s Breath is innocence and purity. The delicate white blooms symbolize the purity of emotion, sentiment, and intention, which is why they’re often used in events that mark new beginnings, like weddings and baptisms.
  2. Everlasting Love: Another popular interpretation of Baby’s Breath is the symbol of everlasting love. Due to its frequent use in wedding bouquets and centerpieces, it has come to represent enduring, unchanging love.
  3. Sincerity and Compassion: Baby’s Breath also symbolizes sincerity and compassion. Its simplicity and understated elegance can be seen as a reflection of genuine emotions without the need for grandeur or ostentation.
  4. Spirituality: In Christian tradition, Baby’s Breath flowers are often associated with the Holy Spirit. They are frequently used in church decorations and floral arrangements, particularly during religious ceremonies, to represent the divine.
  5. Thankfulness: In Japan, Baby’s Breath is recognized as a symbol of thankfulness. Gifting these flowers is considered a gesture of gratitude.

Baby’s Breath Flower in Art and Literature

The Baby’s Breath Flower, with its symbolic meanings of innocence, purity, and everlasting love, has been employed in various forms of art and literature. Here are a few examples:

1. Art

In visual art, particularly in still life paintings and photography, Baby’s Breath often appears to evoke a sense of delicacy and ephemeral beauty. Artists like Sarah Caswell and Raymond Booth have used Baby’s Breath in their works to add a touch of softness and innocence.

In digital art and graphic design, Baby’s Breath is frequently used in designs associated with love and romance, such as wedding invitations or Valentine’s Day cards.

2. Literature

In literature, Baby’s Breath is often used as a symbol of pure, innocent, or unrequited love. For instance, in Nicholas Sparks’ novel “The Rescue,” the protagonist receives a bouquet of Baby’s Breath from her lover, symbolizing their pure, undying love.

3. Poetry

The delicate nature of Baby’s Breath makes it a popular subject in poetry. It’s often used as a metaphor for fleeting moments, purity, and the fragility of life.

For example, in the poem “Baby’s Breath” by Amy Lowell, the flower represents a moment of purity and innocence in an otherwise tumultuous world.

4. Music

Baby’s Breath also finds its place in music. The band ‘Xiu Xiu’ has a song titled “Baby’s Breath” on their album “Always.” The song uses the flower as a metaphor for innocence and vulnerability.

Baby’s Breath Flower in Weddings

The Baby’s Breath Flower is a favorite choice for weddings due to its delicate beauty, versatility, and rich symbolism. Here’s why it’s so popular and what it signifies in the context of love and marriage.

Popularity at Weddings

  1. Versatility: Baby’s Breath Flowers are incredibly versatile. Their small, delicate blooms can complement almost any other flower, making them perfect for bouquets, centerpieces, boutonnieres, and even hair accessories.
  2. Availability: Baby’s Breath is readily available and can bloom throughout the year, making it a reliable choice for weddings in any season.
  3. Affordability: Compared to many other types of flowers used in weddings, Baby’s Breath is relatively inexpensive. This makes it an attractive option for couples on a budget.
  4. Durability: Baby’s Breath is sturdy and long-lasting. Even after they’re cut, the flowers maintain their beauty, making them ideal for weddings where arrangements need to last through the ceremony and reception.

Symbolism in Love and Marriage

In the context of love and marriage, Baby’s Breath carries profound symbolism.

  1. Everlasting Love: The most common interpretation of Baby’s Breath in weddings is everlasting love. Just as the flower maintains its beauty after being cut, it symbolizes love that remains strong, even in the face of adversity.
  2. Purity and Innocence: Baby’s Breath also represents purity and innocence, qualities often associated with the sanctity of marriage. The white blooms reinforce this symbolism, making it a fitting choice for a wedding bouquet.
  3. Unity and Cohesion: The multitude of tiny flowers clustered together on each stem symbolizes unity and cohesion, reflecting the coming together of two lives in marriage.

Baby’s Breath Flower on Other Occasions

The Baby’s Breath Flower is a versatile bloom that graces many different occasions due to its delicate beauty, ease of arrangement, and rich symbolism. Here are some events where the flower is commonly used and what it symbolizes in these contexts:

  1. Weddings: As stated earlier, Baby’s Breath is a popular choice for weddings, symbolizing everlasting love, purity, and unity. It’s commonly used in bridal bouquets, table centerpieces, boutonnieres, and as decor for the venue.
  2. Births and Christenings: With its associations with innocence and purity, Baby’s Breath is often used in celebrations of new life, such as births and christenings. The flower could be used in decorations, gifts, or floral arrangements on these occasions.
  3. Funerals and Memorial Services: Despite being associated with joyous occasions, Baby’s Breath is also used in funerals and memorial services. Its symbolism of eternal love resonates with the idea of remembering and honoring a loved one’s memory.
  4. Valentine’s Day and Anniversaries: Given its representation of everlasting love, Baby’s Breath is frequently included in bouquets given on Valentine’s Day or anniversaries. It complements other romantic flowers like roses and helps express enduring affection.
  5. Mother’s Day: Baby’s Breath is often added to Mother’s Day bouquets as a symbol of a mother’s undying love. It adds a touch of elegance and softness to any floral arrangement.
  6. Graduations and Achievements: The durability and resilience of Baby’s Breath make it a fitting symbol for celebrating achievements and milestones like graduations. It represents the endurance and effort behind every success.


The Baby’s Breath Flower, with its delicate blooms and resilient nature, holds a special place in various cultures and occasions. Its origins trace back to Europe and Asia, but its beauty and adaptability have allowed it to flourish across the globe.

Symbolizing innocence, purity, everlasting love, and sincerity among other things, Baby’s Breath is more than just a filler in floral arrangements. It’s a staple in weddings, representing enduring love and unity. It graces celebrations of life such as births and christenings, and also lends its presence to solemn events like funerals, embodying eternal love and remembrance.

Beyond these occasions, Baby’s Breath features in art, literature, and music, adding layers of emotional depth and symbolism. Its presence in various forms of expression testifies to its universal appeal and timeless beauty.

Understanding the symbolism of the Baby’s Breath Flower can greatly enhance our appreciation of it. Each tiny bloom carries a message of love, purity, and resilience, making this humble flower a poignant token of human emotions. Whether it’s in a grand wedding bouquet or a simple vase on a table, Baby’s Breath stands as a beautiful reminder of life’s enduring sentiments.


  1. What does the Baby’s Breath Flower symbolize?
    The Baby’s Breath Flower primarily symbolizes innocence, purity, and everlasting love. It is also associated with sincerity, compassion, spirituality, and thankfulness in different cultures.
  2. Why is Baby’s Breath commonly used in weddings?
    Baby’s Breath is popular in weddings due to its versatility, availability, affordability, and durability. Symbolically, it represents everlasting love, purity, and unity – themes that resonate deeply with matrimonial ceremonies.
  3. Can Baby’s Breath be used for occasions other than weddings?
    Absolutely! Baby’s Breath is used for a variety of occasions including births, christenings, funerals, Valentine’s Day, anniversaries, Mother’s Day, and graduations. Its meanings of eternal love, purity, and resilience make it fitting for these diverse events.
  4. How is Baby’s Breath used in art and literature?
    In art, Baby’s Breath often features in still life paintings and photography to evoke a sense of delicacy and ephemeral beauty. In literature and poetry, it’s used as a symbol of pure, innocent, or unrequited love. It’s also used in music as a metaphor for innocence and vulnerability.
  5. Does the color of Baby’s Breath change its meaning?
    While Baby’s Breath is most commonly seen in white, symbolizing purity and innocence, it also comes in shades like pink and yellow. These colors can carry additional meanings. For instance, pink might be used to convey admiration or joy, while yellow could symbolize friendship or new beginnings.
  6. What is the origin of the Baby’s Breath Flower?
    The Baby’s Breath Flower, known scientifically as Gypsophila, is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It was introduced to America in the 19th century and quickly gained popularity for its delicate appearance and resilience.