27 Different Types of Fig Trees: From Desert to Mediterranean

There are many types of fig trees that can be found all over the world. They can grow in hot, dry climates as well as cooler, more temperate areas. There are even fig trees that thrive in the salty air near the ocean. In this blog post, we will explore some of the different types of fig trees and their characteristics.

RelatedTypes of Trees | Types of Oak Trees | Types of Hickory Trees | Types of Elm Trees | Types of birch trees | Types Of Willow Trees | Types Of Walnut Trees

Fig tree identification

There are many types of fig trees, from the desert-dwelling type that only grows in very specific conditions, to the Mediterranean varieties that can grow almost anywhere. While all fig trees produce fruit, not all of them are edible. It’s important to know which variety you have before you eat it!

Leaves

Fig leaves are unique in that they have a small hole in the center. This is so the fig tree can absorb as much sunlight as possible – it needs all the help it can get, since it’s a desert plant! The leaves are also covered in tiny bumps that help with absorption.

Fruit

The fruit of the fig tree is unique in that it’s actually a [syconium]. This means that the fruit is enclosed by the flesh of the fig tree, which grows around it. The syconium contains many tiny flowers, and once they’re pollinated, the fruit will start to grow.

Buds

Fig trees have unique buds that grow in pairs. Each bud contains a single leaf and a tiny flower. The flowers will eventually turn into fruit, but the leaves will stay on the tree until the next season.

Flowers

Fig flowers are very small, and they grow in the center of the syconium. They’re pollinated by wasps, which lay their eggs inside the flower. Once the eggs hatch, the baby wasps will eat their way out of the fruit!

Fig tree symbolism

Fig trees have been associated with fertility for centuries. The fruit is said to represent the female reproductive system, and the tree itself is often seen as a symbol of sexual desire. In some cultures, figs are considered to be an aphrodisiac!

Fun facts about fig trees

One of the most interesting things about fig trees is their flowers. The flowers grow inside of the fruit, and they are pollinated by tiny wasps that get inside the fruit.

– Fig trees are a type of fig fruit

– The flowers grow inside the fig fruit

– They are pollinated by tiny wasps that get inside the fig fruit

– There are over 800 different types of fig trees

– Fig trees can be found in deserts and Mediterranean climates

– The fig tree is a symbol of peace and prosperity

– Fig trees can be used to make fig jam, fig syrup, and fig vinegar

– The fig tree is a popular choice for bonsai enthusiasts

– Fig trees are often planted in courtyards and gardens because of their beautiful leaves and flowers.

Fig Tree Varieties

There are over 800 different types of fig trees, and they can be found in deserts and Mediterranean climates. Some popular fig tree varieties include:

– Brown Turkey fig tree

– Green fig tree

– Kadota fig tree

– Mission fig tree

– Black Mission fig tree

Fig trees make beautiful additions to courtyards and gardens, and they are also popular choices for bonsai enthusiasts. Fig trees are often planted in areas where their beautiful leaves and flowers can be enjoyed.

1. Adriatic Fig Tree

The Adriatic fig tree is a type of fig that can be found in the Mediterranean region. It has a short, wide trunk and dark green leaves. The fruit is small and round, and it changes from green to purple when it ripens.

The Adriatic fig tree is resistant to cold weather and frost, making it a good choice for colder climates.

The characteristic most distinguishing the Adriatic fig from other fig varieties is its pinkish-white figs.

The Adriatic fig tree can reach a height of up to 30 feet and has a spread of about 25 feet.

It produces figs from midsummer until frost.

The Adriatic fig tree does well in full sun or partial shade.

2. Alma Fig Tree

The Alma fig tree is a type of fig that grows in the desert. It has long, green leaves and produces small, purple figs. The Alma fig tree is drought-tolerant and can survive in dry climates.

The Alma fig tree is a type of fig tree that is found in the Mediterranean region. This fig tree has a short, thick trunk and grows to a height of about 15 feet. The leaves are dark green and shiny, and the figs are small and dark purple.

The Alma fig tree does well in hot, dry climates and is drought tolerant. It is also resistant to pests and diseases. This fig tree is a good choice for areas where other fig trees do not thrive.

The Alma fig tree is a beautiful addition to any garden and can be used to create a privacy screen or hedge. It produces fruit year-round and is a favorite of birds and wildlife.

3. Black Mission Fig Tree

The Black Mission fig tree is a hardy fig variety that grows well in the desert climate. The tree has dark green leaves and produces edible figs that are black when ripe. The fruit is sweet and juicy, with a slightly sour taste.

The Black Mission fig tree can be planted in the garden or in a container. When planting, choose a sunny location and dig a hole twice the size of the pot. Remove the plant from the pot and place it in the hole. Fill in with soil and water well.

4. Brown Turkey Fig Tree

The Brown Turkey fig tree is a great fig tree for desert climates. This fig tree can handle very high temperatures and does not need a lot of water to thrive. The Brown Turkey fig tree produces large, sweet figs that are perfect for eating fresh or using in recipes.

5. Caprifig Tree

The flowers of the caprifig are pollinated by a tiny wasp, Blastophaga psenes. After mating, the female wasp lays her eggs inside the fig. When the larvae hatch, they eat the fig’s seeds.

6. Celeste Fig Tree

The Celeste fig tree is a type of fig that has been known to thrive in harsh, desert climates. The tree produces large fruit that is violet-colored and sweet.

The Celeste fig tree can also be grown in more temperate climates, such as Mediterranean regions. In these areas, the trees typically grow quite tall and produce a large number of figs. The figs from this type of tree are typically green or brown and have a tart, acidic flavor.

7. Chicago Hardy Fig Tree

The Chicago Hardy fig tree is a type of fig that is known for its hardiness. This tree can tolerate cold winter temperatures and still produce fruit. The Chicago Hardy fig tree typically grows in the Midwest and the Eastern United States.

The fruits from this type of fig are light green or yellow and have a sweet, mild flavor. The trees are also known for their large size and produce a high number of figs.

8. Common Fig Tree

The Common fig tree is the most well-known type of fig. This tree is found in many parts of the world and can grow in a variety of climates. The Common fig tree produces large, sweet fruit that is green or brown in color.

This type of fig tree typically grows very tall and produces a high number of figs. The figs from this tree have a sweet, nutty flavor.

9. Corky’s Honey Delight Fig Tree

The Corky’s Honey Delight fig tree is a type of fig that is known for its sweetness. This tree produces large, honey-colored fruit that is very sweet and flavorful.

The Corky’s Honey Delight fig tree can be grown in a variety of climates, but it typically does best in warm weather regions. The trees are also known for their large size and produce a high number of figs.

The figs from this type of fig tree have a sweet, honey-like flavor.

10. Creeping Fig Tree

The Creeping fig tree is a type of fig that is known for its versatility. This tree can be grown in a variety of climates and does well in both indoor and outdoor settings. The Creeping fig tree produces small, figs that are green or purple in color.

This type of fig tree typically grows low to the ground and spreads out quickly. The figs from this tree have a mild, sweet flavor.

The Creeping fig tree is a popular choice for indoor gardening.

11. Desert King Fig Tree

The Desert King fig tree is a type of fig that is known for its hardiness. This tree can thrive in harsh climates and produce fruit in conditions that other fig trees cannot. The Desert King fig tree typically grows in the desert regions of the United States.

The fruits from this type of fig are light green or yellow and have a sweet, mild flavor. The trees are also known for their large size and produce a high number of figs.

12. Excel Fig Tree

The Excel fig tree is a type of fig that is known for its hardiness. This tree can tolerate cold winter temperatures and still produce fruit. The Excel fig tree typically grows in the Midwest and Eastern United States.

This fig tree is resistant to drought and can grow in relatively poor soil.

13. Kadota Fig Tree

The Kadota fig tree is a type of fig that grows in the Mediterranean. It has large, green leaves and produces a sweet fruit that is eaten by people and animals alike. The Kadota fig tree is drought tolerant and can grow in areas with little water.

14. LSU Gold Fig Tree

The LSU Gold fig tree is a type of fig that thrives in hot, dry climates. This fig tree can tolerate temperatures up to 100 degrees Fahrenheit and does not require much water. The LSU Gold fig tree produces sweet, succulent fruit that is enjoyed by both people and animals.

15. LSU Purple Fig Tree

The LSU Purple fig tree is a hardy variety that can thrive in climates with either hot or cold weather. It’s perfect for gardeners living in USDA zones eight through 11.

This fig tree will produce fruit even during the winter months, making it a desirable choice for those who want to have fresh figs all year long. The LSU Purple fig tree has a moderate growth rate and reaches a height of about 15 feet. It produces large, purple figs that are sweet and delicious.

The LSU Purple fig tree is resistant to diseases and pests, making it a low-maintenance option for gardeners. It’s also drought-tolerant, meaning it can survive in areas with little rainfall. If you’re looking for a fig tree that can thrive in a variety of climates, the LSU Purple fig tree is a great option.

16. Olympian Fig Tree

The Olympian fig tree is a type of fig tree that is native to the Mediterranean region. This fig tree can grow up to 50 feet tall and has a broad canopy. The leaves are dark green and glossy, and the fruit is large and purple-black.

The Olympian fig tree is a hardy plant that does well in hot, dry climates. It is drought-tolerant and resistant to pests and diseases. This fig tree is a popular choice for landscaping in arid regions.

The Olympian fig tree can be grown from seed or from cuttings. It is best planted in full sun and well-drained soil. The Olympian fig tree is a beautiful addition to any garden or landscape.

17. Osborne Prolific fig tree

The Osborne Prolific fig tree is one of the most popular fig trees in the world. It grows well in both hot, dry climates and cooler Mediterranean climates.

This fig tree can reach heights of up to 25 feet tall and produces an abundance of sweet figs. The Osborne Prolific fig tree is a great choice for homeowners who want a fig tree that is both productive and easy to care for.

18. Panache Tiger Stripe Fig Tree

The Panache Tiger Stripe fig tree is a unique variety that thrives in hot, desert climates. With its attractive striped bark and drought-tolerant nature, it’s perfect for growing in arid areas.

If you’re looking for a fig tree that can handle the heat, the Panache Tiger Stripe fig is a great choice.

19. Peter’s Honey Fig Tree

Peter’s Honey Fig Tree is a fig variety that originated in the United States. It was discovered as a mutation of the Brown Turkey fig tree and grows best in USDA hardiness zones six through nine. This fig tree has an upright growth habit and produces large, sweet figs that are golden yellow when ripe.

20. Purple Genca Fig Tree

The purple fig tree is a great choice for those who live in zones nine through 11. This fig tree can grow up to 20 feet tall and produces fruit that is both sweet and juicy. The purple fig tree does well in hot, dry climates and can tolerate temperatures as low as 25 degrees Fahrenheit.

21. Ronde de Bordeaux Fig Tree

The Ronde de Bordeaux fig tree is a type of fig that is native to the Mediterranean region. This fig variety has a long history, and it was even mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his book “Natural History”.

The Ronde de Bordeaux fig tree is known for its large size, and it can reach heights of up to 30 feet. The tree produces figs that are about the size of a grapefruit, and they have a deep purple color. The figs are also very sweet and juicy, with a rich flavor that is sure to please all taste buds.

22. San Pedro Fig Tree

Source: FigVarieties.com

The San Pedro fig tree is a type of fig that is native to the deserts of the southwestern United States. It has long, thin leaves and produces small figs that are greenish-yellow in color. The San Pedro fig tree is drought tolerant and can survive in very hot climates.

23. Smyrna Fig Tree

The Smyrna fig tree is a type of fig that is found in the Mediterranean region. This fig tree is known for its sweet, delicious fruit. The Smyrna fig tree can grow to be quite large, and it produces a lot of fruit.

24. Violette de Bordeaux Fig Tree

The Violette de Bordeaux fig tree is a hardy fig variety that grows well in cold climates. This fig tree can tolerate temperatures as low as -20 degrees Fahrenheit, making it a good choice for gardeners in colder regions. The Violette de Bordeaux fig tree produces large, sweet fruits that are eaten fresh or used in fig preserves.

25. Weeping Fig Tree

Weeping fig trees are a common type of fig tree that can be found in both desert and Mediterranean climates.

They are known for their tall, slender trunk and large leaves that droop down from the branches. Weeping fig trees can grow up to 60 feet tall and produce figs that range in color from green to purple.

26. White Genoa Fig Tree

The White Genoa fig tree is a cold-hardy fig variety that can tolerate temperatures as low as USDA zone five. This fig tree grows well in areas with hot, dry summers and mild winters. The White Genoa fig tree produces large, sweet figs that are perfect for eating fresh or using in recipes.

27. Yellow Long Neck fig tree

The Yellow Long Neck fig tree is a type of fig tree that can be found in the Mediterranean region. This fig tree has a long neck, which is where it gets its name from and produces edible fruit.

The fruit of the Yellow Long Neck fig tree is green when unripe, but turns yellow when ripe. This fig tree is a popular choice for fig lovers, as it produces a high yield of fruit.

The Yellow Long Neck fig tree is also a drought tolerant fig tree, meaning that it can withstand long periods of no rainfall. This fig tree does best in hot, dry climates and can be grown in USDA zones nine through eleven.

Where to buy fig trees?

There are many places to buy fig trees. You can find them at local nurseries, garden centers, and online. It is important to choose the right fig tree for your climate and growing conditions.

If you live in a warm climate with little or no frost, then you will want to purchase a desert fig tree. These fig trees are hardy and can tolerate temperatures down to 25 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you live in a cooler climate, then you will want to purchase a fig tree that is cold-hardy and can tolerate frost. These fig trees are from the Mediterranean region and can tolerate temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit.

When purchasing a fig tree, make sure to ask the seller about the tree’s cold tolerance. You don’t want to buy a fig tree that will not survive in your climate.

Planting a fig tree

Fig trees can be planted in a container or in the ground.

When planting a fig tree in a container, make sure to use a pot that is at least 18 inches deep and has drainage holes. The pot should also be large enough to accommodate the size of the fig tree when it is fully grown.

If you are planting the fig tree in the ground, make sure to dig a hole that is twice as wide and just as deep as the pot. When planting the fig tree, be sure to remove it from the pot and loosen the roots. Then, place the fig tree in the hole and backfill it with soil. Be sure to water thoroughly after planting.

fig trees can be planted almost anywhere, but they do best in full sun. fig trees can also tolerate partial shade, but they will not produce as many figs.

When choosing a location for your fig tree, keep in mind that fig trees need plenty of room to grow. Make sure there is enough space for the fig tree to spread its branches.

Caring for a fig tree

Fig trees are easy to care for. They only need water and fertilizer when they are actively growing. fig trees do not like wet feet, so make sure the soil is well-drained.

Fig trees should be fertilized once a month with a balanced fertilizer, such as 20-20-20. Be sure to follow the instructions on the package.

Fig trees only need water when the soil is dry to the touch. Water deeply, but do not overwater.

In winter, fig trees should be watered less often. You can stop watering them altogether in cold climates.

When pruning a fig tree, make sure to cut back the branches that are growing inward or crossing each other. fig trees do not need to be pruned often, but you can remove any dead or diseased branches.

RelatedTypes of Locust Trees | Types of Cherry Trees | Types of Cedar trees | Crepe Myrtle Tree | Types of Redbud Trees

FAQs

What are the different types of fig trees?

There are many types of fig trees, but the most common are desert figs and cold-hardy figs.

Where can I buy a fig tree?

You can buy fig trees at local nurseries, garden centers, and online.

How deep should I plant a fig tree?

Fig trees can be planted in a pot that is at least 18 inches deep or in the ground. When planting in the ground, make sure to dig a hole that is twice as wide and just as deep as the pot.

How often should I water my fig tree?

Fig trees only need water when the soil is dry to the touch. Water deeply, but do not overwater. In winter, fig trees should be watered less often.

How much fertilizer should I give my fig tree?

A fig tree should be fertilized once a month with a balanced fertilizer, such as 20-20-20. Follow the instructions on the package.

Do fig trees need to be pruned?

fig trees do not need to be pruned often, but you can remove any dead or diseased branches. You can also cut back the branches that are growing inward or crossing each other.

What is the best way to propagate a fig tree?

The easiest way to propagate a fig tree is by rooting a cutting from a healthy fig tree. You can also propagate a fig tree by planting a seed.

What are the coldest temperatures a fig tree can tolerate?

fig trees from the Mediterranean region can tolerate temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit. When purchasing a fig tree, make sure to ask the seller about the tree’s cold tolerance.

How long does it take a fig tree to bear fruit?

Fig trees typically start bearing fruit within two to three years after being planted. Some fig trees may take longer to produce fruit.

What is the difference between a desert fig and a cold-hardy fig?

Desert figs are figs that are native to the desert region and can tolerate high temperatures. Cold-hardy figs are figs that can tolerate cold temperatures, down to 15 degrees Fahrenheit.

Conclusion

Fig trees are an interesting addition to any landscape. The fig tree, or Ficus carica, is a large flowering plant that can be grown in many different climates and regions across the world.

There are over 900 varieties of figs on record with new ones being found every year! They range from small shrubs to tall trees depending on which region they’re grown in.

Some types of fig trees produce edible fruit while others only provide decorative foliage for your garden. If you know what type of climate you’ll be growing it in, choosing one variety will make things easier when planting time comes around this spring.