12 Types of Plumbing Pipes: The Ultimate Guide (With Pictures)

There are a variety of plumbing pipes that are used in homes and businesses across the country. Knowing which type of pipe is best for your needs is essential to ensuring your plumbing system works properly.

In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of pipes and what each one is used for. We will also provide tips on how to select the right type of pipe for your needs.

1. ABS Pipe (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene)

ABS pipe is a black plastic pipe used for drainage and sewer applications. It is also used in venting and waste lines. It has a smooth inner surface that is easy to clean.

Why use ABS Pipe?

ABS pipe is durable and resistant to chemicals, heat, and impact. It is easy to install and does not corrode.

What are the disadvantages of ABS Pipe?

ABS pipe is not suitable for hot water applications. It can become brittle in cold weather and may crack or break if frozen.

2. Black Iron Pipe

What is Black Iron Pipe?

Black iron pipe is a type of steel pipe that is used for transporting natural and propane gas. It is also sometimes used for carrying other liquids, such as sewage.

Black iron pipe is made of wrought iron, which gives it its black color. The material is then coated with an oil-based resin to prevent corrosion.

Black iron pipe is most often used in industrial applications, such as in buildings or factories.

It is also sometimes used in residential settings, although it is not as common as other types of plumbing pipes. Black iron pipe is more expensive than other types of plumbing pipes, but it is also more durable.

Advantages of Black Iron Pipes:

  • They are durable
  • They can handle high pressure and temperature
  • They have a long life span
  • They are easy to install
  • They are not susceptible to corrosion.

Disadvantages of Black Iron Pipes:

  • They are susceptible to rust and corrosion if they are not properly coated
  • They are more expensive than other types of pipes
  • They are not as flexible as other types of pipes, so they may not be the best choice for areas that experience a lot of seismic activity.

3. Cast Iron Pipe

Cast iron pipe is a type of plumbing pipe that is commonly used in old homes and other buildings. It is made of cast iron, which is a type of metal.

The advantage of using cast iron pipe is that it is very durable and can last for many years. However, the downside is that it is very heavy and difficult to install.

4. CPVC pipe

CPVC pipe is made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin and chlorine. CPVC resin is a white powder, and chlorine is a gas. The two are mixed together to form a compound that is then used to make CPVC pipe.

CPVC pipe is used for hot and cold potable water distribution, as well as for drain, waste, and vent (DWV) applications. It is also used in industrial applications where corrosive chemicals are transported.

CPVC pipe is available in two grades: Schedule 40 and Schedule 80. The difference between the two grades is the pressure rating. Schedule 40 CPVC can handle up to 140 psi of pressure, while Schedule 80 CPVC can handle up to 200 psi of pressure.

Advantages of CPVC pipe:

-CPVC pipe is less likely to corrode than other types of metal pipes.

-It is also resistant to scaling and deposits, which can build up over time and cause problems.

-CPVC pipe is easy to install and does not require soldering or special tools.

-It is also lightweight and easier to handle than metal pipes.

-CPVC pipe is available in a variety of sizes and can be cut to fit any installation.

-It is also flexible, which makes it easier to work with in tight spaces.

-CPVC pipe is less expensive than copper or other types of metal pipe.

Disadvantages of CPVC pipe:

-CPVC pipe is not as strong as metal pipes and can break if it is not installed correctly.

-It is also not as heat resistant as metal pipes, so it should not be used in hot water applications.

-CPVC pipe can expand and contract with changes in temperature, so it is not recommended for use in areas with extreme temperatures.

-CPVC pipe is not as durable as metal pipes and may not last as long.

5. Flexi Pipe

Flexi Pipe is a type of plumbing pipe that is made of flexible materials. It is often used in applications where there is a need for flexibility, such as in drain pipes and irrigation systems. Flexi Pipe is available in a variety of materials, including PVC, polyethylene, and rubber.

Advantages of Flexi Pipe

There are several advantages to using Flexi Pipe over other types of plumbing pipes. One advantage is that Flexi Pipe is less likely to break or crack than other types of pipes.

This makes it ideal for applications where there is a risk of freezing or bursting, such as in outdoor applications. Flexi Pipe is also easier to install than rigid pipes, and it can be cut to size with a saw or knife.

Disadvantages of Flexi Pipe

There are also some disadvantages to using Flexi Pipe. One disadvantage is that Flexi Pipe is not as strong as other types of pipes, so it is not suitable for applications where there is a lot of pressure. Another disadvantage is that Flexi Pipe can be more expensive than other types of pipes.

6. Galvanized Steel Pipe

Galvanized steel pipe is a type of steel pipe that has been treated with a zinc coating. This coating helps to protect the pipe from corrosion and rust, which can extend the pipe’s lifespan.

Galvanized steel pipes are used for a variety of applications, including carrying water, delivering natural gas, and transporting oil.

There are three main types of galvanized steel pipes: black, hot-dipped, and pre-galvanized. Black steel pipes are made from hot-rolled coils that have been treated with a zinc coating.

Hot-dipped galvanized steel pipes are dipped into a vat of molten zinc, which gives them a shiny and smooth surface. Pre-galvanized steel pipes are made from hot-rolled coils that have been treated with a zinc coating.

Advantages of Galvanized Steel Pipe:

-Galvanized steel pipe is more durable than other types of pipes.

-It is resistant to corrosion and can last for many years.

-Galvanized steel pipe is also cheaper than other types of pipes.

Disadvantages of Galvanized Steel Pipe:

-The zinc coating on galvanized steel pipes can eventually wear away.

-Galvanized steel pipes are not as flexible as other types of pipes.

-They may not be suitable for use in extreme temperatures. Overall, galvanized steel pipe is a good choice for most plumbing applications. It is durable and affordable, making it a popular choice among homeowners and businesses alike.

7. High-Density Polybutylene Pipes

High-density polybutylene pipes are a type of plastic piping that is used for residential and commercial plumbing. These pipes are made from high-density polyethylene, which is a type of plastic.

HDPE is a strong, durable material that is resistant to corrosion and chemicals. This makes it an ideal material for plumbing applications.

Advantages of High-Density Polybutylene Pipes:

High-density polybutylene pipes are becoming increasingly popular in the plumbing industry. There are many advantages to using this type of pipe, including its flexibility and durability.

High-density polybutylene pipes are also resistant to chemicals and can be used in both hot and cold water applications. In addition, they are easy to install and require minimal maintenance.

Disadvantages of High-Density Polybutylene Pipes:

There are a few disadvantages to using high-density polybutylene pipes. One is that they can be more expensive than other types of plumbing pipes.

Additionally, they may not be compatible with all types of fittings and fixtures. Finally, they can be difficult to repair if they become damaged.

8. PEX Pipe (cross-linked polyethylene)

Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) is a type of flexible plastic pipe that has been manufactured since the 1950s. It is often used in plumbing and radiant heating applications. PEX is available in a variety of sizes, from small diameter pipes to large diameter pipes.

PEX pipe is made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and cross-linked polyethylene (PEX). HDPE is a type of thermoplastic resin, which is a polymer that can be melted and reformed. PEX is made by chemically cross-linking the HDPE molecules. This makes PEX stronger and more flexible than HDPE pipe.

Advantages of PEX Pipe (cross-linked polyethylene):

PEX pipe is durable and flexible, making it an excellent choice for a variety of plumbing applications. PEX pipe is also easy to install, which can save you time and money.

In addition, PEX pipe is resistant to corrosion and scale build-up, which can extend the life of your plumbing system.

What are the disadvantages of PEX pipe?

PEX pipe is not compatible with all types of fittings and connections. In addition, PEX pipe is not recommended for use in outdoor applications. Finally, PEX pipe is more expensive than some other types of plumbing pipes.

9. Polybutylene Pipes

Polybutylene pipes are a type of plastic plumbing pipe. They were commonly used in home construction from 1978 until 1995. Polybutylene pipes are flexible, resistant to corrosion, and have a smooth inner surface that is easy to clean.

What are the Advantages of Polybutylene Pipes?

The advantages of polybutylene pipes are that they are:

-Flexible

-Resistant to corrosion

-Have a smooth inner surface

What are the Disadvantages of Polybutylene Pipes?

The disadvantages of polybutylene pipes are that:

-They can become brittle and break over time

-They can leach chemicals into the water

-They are not compatible with some types of plumbing fittings

10. PVC Pipe

PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, pipe is a type of piping commonly used in plumbing applications. PVC is strong and durable, making it an excellent choice for a variety of plumbing uses.

PVC Pipe Installation

PVC pipe can be installed in a variety of ways, depending on the application. It can be glued together with PVC cement, or it can be joined together with fittings that are either screwed or welded onto the pipe.

PVC Pipe Applications

PVC pipe is most commonly used in drainage and sewer applications, as it is not susceptible to corrosion from acidic water. PVC pipe is also often used in irrigation systems, as it is resistant to deterioration from exposure to sunlight.

Advantages of PVC Pipes:

PVC pipes offer a number of advantages over other types of piping:

-They are inexpensive

-They are easy to install

-They are resistant to corrosion and deterioration

-They are available in a variety of sizes and lengths

-They can be used for both indoor and outdoor applications.

Disadvantages of PVC Pipes:

PVC pipes also have a few disadvantages:

-They are not as strong as some other types of piping, such as metal

-They can be damaged by exposure to sunlight

-They can become brittle in cold weather.

11. Rigid Copper Pipe

Rigid copper pipe is a type of plumbing pipe that is commonly used for water supply lines and refrigerant lines in HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems.

Rigid copper pipe is made from stiff, thick-walled copper tubing that is joined together with fittings to create long runs of piping.

Advantages of Rigid Copper Pipe:

Rigid copper pipe is strong and durable, able to withstand high temperatures and pressures. It is also resistant to corrosion and does not require much maintenance.

Disadvantages of Rigid Copper Pipe:

Rigid copper pipe can be difficult to install, especially in long runs, because the joints between sections of pipe must be carefully sealed. Copper is also a relatively expensive material.

12. Stainless Steel Pipe

Stainless steel pipe is a type of piping that contains chromium and nickel. The composition of the two alloys gives the stainless steel pipe corrosion-resistant properties.

Stainless steel pipe is used in various industries, such as food and beverage processing, chemical processing, oil and gas refining, etc.

Advantages of Stainless Steel Pipe

There are many advantages of stainless steel pipe. Some of these benefits include:

-Stainless steel pipe is very strong and durable.

-It is resistant to corrosion and chemical attack.

-It has a high resistance to heat.

-It is easy to clean and maintain.

-It has a long lifespan.

Disadvantages of Stainless Steel Pipe

There are also some disadvantages of stainless steel pipe. Some of these drawbacks include:

-It is a more expensive option than other types of piping.

-It can be difficult to work with and install.

-It is not suitable for applications where high temperatures are required.

What is the most common pipe for plumbing system?

The most common pipe used for plumbing is PVC, or polyvinyl chloride.

PVC is a strong, durable material that is resistant to corrosion and chemicals. It is also easy to install and has a long lifespan. PVC can be used for both fresh water and sewage applications.

Other common types of pipes include copper, steel, and CPVC. Each type of pipe has its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, copper is a more expensive option but it is also more durable.

Steel pipes are less expensive but can corrode over time. CPVC is a cheaper alternative to PVC but it is not as strong or durable.

When choosing a pipe for your plumbing system, it is important to consider the specific needs of your home or business. A professional plumber can help you select the best option for your needs.

Factors to consider when buying plumbing pipes

-Size: The most important factor to consider when purchasing plumbing pipes is the size. Make sure to measure the area where the pipe will be installed and purchase a pipe that is large enough to accommodate your needs.

-Material: Plumbing pipes are made from a variety of materials, including copper, PVC, and iron. Each type of material has its own benefits and drawbacks, so be sure to research the options before making a decision.

-Cost: Plumbing pipes can vary widely in cost, depending on the material and size. Be sure to compare prices from different retailers before making a purchase.

-Installation: Some plumbing pipe types are easier to install than others. If you are not comfortable doing the installation yourself, be sure to hire a professional.

Conclusion

There are many different types of plumbing pipes available on the market today. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is important to choose the right type of pipe for your specific needs. A qualified plumber can help you select the best pipe for your home or business. Contact a local plumbing company today to learn more about your options.